Green leaves of Tetrapterys multiglandulosa A. Juss were fed to pregnant goats from day 35 of pregnancy. Five goats received 10g/kgBW (group I), five received 20g/kgBW (group II) and five were used as control (group III), and received only hay, fresh grass and commercial ration. All animals were clinically examined daily and submitted to ultrasonography every three days. Fetal death and vulvar catarrhal discharge with subsequent abortion were observed at the end of the second month of pregnancy in group II and at the third month of pregnancy in group I. Animals from groups I and II were slaughtered after abortion and necropsied. Goats from the control group were necropsied at the same time. The main lesions in the aborted goats were focal placentitis with early involution (apoptosis) and placentary coagulation necrosis, acute focal endometritis and vulvo-vaginal petechiae. All aborted fetuses were underdeveloped when compared to control fetuses, probably due to fetal malnutrition, since no congenital malformations could be noted. The majority of aborted fetuses showed some degree of autolysis, as fetal death occurred five and three days before abortion, in groups I and II, respectively. The most remarkable fetal lesions were focal or diffuse hemorrhages in the skin, meninges and visceral serosae.
Pesq. Vet. Bras. 34(2):103-108, fevereiro 2014 103 RESUMO.-O objetivo do presente trabalho foi utilizar mé-todos bacteriológicos e moleculares para a identificação do Mycobacterium bovis em lesões observadas em carcaças de bovinos durante a inspeção post mortem de rotina em matadouros-frigoríficos com serviço de inspeção oficial. Foi acompanhado o abate e a inspeção de 825.394 bovinos, sadios ao exame ante mortem pelo serviço de inspeção oficial em dez matadouros-frigoríficos do estado da Bahia. Carcaça de 180 bovinos apresentaram lesões sugestivas de tuberculose e por outras linfadenites. No isolamento bacteriano, 25 amostras apresentaram crescimento disgônico de colônias de coloração creme-amareladas em meio de cultura Stonebrink-Leslie. Desses isolados, 14 foram identifi- Múltiplas estirpes de isolados de Mycobacterium bovisidentificados por tipagem molecular em bovinos abatidos em matadouros-frigoríficos The aim of this study was to use bacteriological and molecular methods to identify Mycobacterium bovis in lesions observed in cattle carcasses during routine post-mortem inspection in slaughterhouses with official inspection service. It was accompanied the slaughter and inspection of 825,394 cattle, healthy ante mortem examination by the official inspection service in ten slaughterhouses in the state of Bahia. Carcasses of 180 cattle presented lesions suggestive of tuberculosis and other lymphadenitis. In bacterial isolation, 25 samples showed dysgonic growth of colonies of creamy-yellow in medium-Stonebrink Leslie. From these isolates, 14 were identified as M. bovis and the multiplex PCR technique spoligotyping was discriminated against eight different spoligotypes of M. bovis, seven previously described in the literature and a new spoligotypes without former description. The major spoligotypes was SB0121, with five samples which has been described in Brazil and other countries, followed by two clusters, SB295 and SB1055, with two isolates each. The SB1145 and SB1648 spoligotypes were reported only in Brazil and Denmark, respectively. The spoligotypes SB140 has been found in Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay and Paraguay. These results demonstrate that the spoligotypes obtained are shared, so far, among Brazilian states and among Latin America and Europe. Thus, molecular discrimination of isolates of M. bovis by Spoligotyping constitutes a tool for epidemiological studies of bovine tuberculosis in the state of Bahia. INDEX TERMS: Mycobacterium bovis, mycobacteria, molecular epidemiology, spoligotyping, tuberculosis, zoonosis, cattle. (Brasil 2006, Heinemann et al. 2008.A tuberculose no homem é causada principalmente pelo Mycobacterium tuberculosis, mas a doença causada por M. bovis tem sido reportada e representa um risco para a saúde pública (Parreiras et al. 2012, Reyes et al. 2012. Em 2011, 8,7 milhões de pessoas adoeceram e 1,4 milhões de óbitos anuais foi determinado pela tuberculose. A maioria dos óbitos ocorre em países de baixa e média renda e está entre as três principais causas de mortes em mulheres ent...
RESUMOA mastite é uma infecção frequente da glândula mamária, sendo a principal doença que afeta o úbere das fêmeas e responsável pelos maiores prejuízos à produção leiteira em caprinos, reduzindo em quantidade e depreciando a qualidade do leite e seus derivados. Nesse estudo foram colhidas amostras de leite de cabras com reação positiva ao CMT, em propriedades localizadas em Bonfim de Feira, Barra do Pojuca, Feira de Santana, Camaçari, Anguera e Antônio Cardoso, todas próximas à Cidade de Salvador, Bahia. Do material coletado foi realizado cultivo bacteriológico em ágar sangue de ovino a 10%, ágar McConkey e também enriquecido em caldo BHI. O Staphylococcus spp. foi a bactéria de maior prevalência (90,3%), seguida de Streptococcus (4,8%), Micrococcus (1,6%) e Enterobacter (1,6%). Todas as bactérias foram submetidas ao teste de sensibilidade aos antimicrobianos pelo método de difusão em disco, sendo que 54,1% das estirpes estudadas apresentaram sensibilidade a todas as drogas testadas, e 45,9% das estirpes identificadas apresentaram resistência a pelo menos um dos antimicrobianos. O presente estudo confirmou o Staphylococcus spp. como a principal bactéria envolvida na etiologia das mastites subclínicas caprinas. PALAVRAS-CHAVE: Antibióticos, glândula mamária, Staphylococcus spp., caprino. ABSTRACT BACTERIA INVOLVED IN SUBCLINICAL MASTITIS IN GOATS IN THE REGION OF SALVADOR, BAHIA, BRAZIL.Mastitis is a common infection of the mammary gland, the main disease affecting the udder of females, and responsible for major losses in milk production in goats, decreasing the quantity and quality of the milk and its derivatives. In this study milk samples were collected from goats with positive reaction to CMT in properties located in Bonfim de Feira, Barra do Pojuca, Feira de Santana, Camaçari, Anguera and Antônio Cardoso, all of which are places surrounding the city of Salvador, Bahia, Brazil. The samples were submitted to bacteriological culture carried out in agar with 10% sheep blood, McConkey agar, and agar enriched with BHI broth. Staphylococcus spp. bacteria was the most prevalent (90.3%), followed by Streptococcus (4.8%), Micrococcus (1.6%) and Enterobacter (1.6%). All bacteria were subjected to antimicrobial susceptibility testing by the disc diffusion method, revealing that 54.1% of the strains studied were sensitive to all drugs tested, while 45.9% of identified strains showed resistance to at least one of antimicrobials. The present study confirmed Staphylococcus spp. as the main bacteria involved in the etiology of subclinical goat mastitis.
Mycobacterium bovis is responsible for bovine and buffalo tuberculosis, an important zoonotic disease with global distribution. The knowledge of the distribution and the precise identification of this disease, including advanced diagnoses such as spoligotyping, allows choosing the best strategies to fight the disease’s progress. The present work aimed to investigate mycobacteria’s presence, genotype their strains, and evaluate tuberculosis cases’ spatial distribution from suggestive lesions in carcasses of bovine and buffalo inspected in slaughterhouses under an official inspection regime in the state of Bahia, Brazil. The study investigated 453,417 animals. Among these, 31 (0.007%) from 17 municipalities were suspected of tuberculosis. Among the culture medium growth, 95% of these were categorized as alcohol-acid resistant bacilli (BAAR). All isolates were subjected to spoligotyping and 95% were confirmed as M. bovis (SB0120, SB0121, SB0852, SB0828, SB0295, SB0881, SB1648, SB6119, SB0140, SB1055). The strain SB0120 was the most prevalent, and this profile has been described in cases of human tuberculosis by M. bovis, highlighting the zoonotic potential of this profile. This study also identified strains never reported in Bahia, highlighting a distinctive pattern from other parts of Brazil, besides mixed infections. Besides, to identify strains never before described in the state, highlighting a distinctive pattern in Brazil (SB6119 and SB0852, respectively). An unpublished profile was identified and inserted in the international database (Mbovis.org), named SB2715.
Bovine tuberculosis (BTB) is a zoonosis caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium bovis, which induces the development of nodular and granulomatous lesions in various animal tissues. The recognition of these suggestive gross lesions during postmortem sanitary inspection in slaughterhouses provides a presumptive diagnosis, which requires the use of complementary tests to confirm the disease. This study aimed to verify the occurrence of BTB in cattle slaughtered in slaughterhouses in the state of Ceará, Brazil, using bacteriological and molecular methods. To this end, suggestive lesions were analyzed on carcasses condemned by the “Serviço de Inspeção Estadual” (SIE). The samples were submitted to microbiological analysis using culture media and specific staining followed by spoligotyping molecular technique for identification and genotyping of the mycobacteria. Occurrence of lesions suggestive of BTB was verified in bovine carcasses (0.071%) from different municipalities of the state. These lesions were located mainly in the lung (95.12%), lymph nodes (58.53%), and liver (36.58%). Microbiological culture showed bacterial isolation (17.94%), with the growth of colonies showing morphological and tannic characteristics belonging to genus Mycobacterium spp. Genetic polymorphism analysis identified M. bovis in all isolates, which were discriminated into six spoligotypes (SB0121, SB0295, SB1064, SB0120, SB0870, and SB0852). These profiles have been described in Brazil and several areas of the world, except for profiles SB1064 and SB0852, which were described in the country for the first time. The results show that the association of the diagnostic methods used was the basis for the first study on identification of mycobacteria found in the state, which may provide a database for the epidemiological study of BTB in the state of Ceará.
A dermatite interdigital infecciosa ovina é uma doença cosmopolita e ocasiona perdas econômicas na produção animal. O presente trabalho teve como objetivo relatar as alterações clínicas e o uso de fototerapias com laser em um caso de dermatite interdigital infecciosa em um ovino, proveniente de Itabuna, Bahia. No exame físico, o paciente apresentou claudicação, não apoio do casco no solo, unhas com crescimento irregular do casco e deslocamento da sola e muralha, com exposição do cório subjacente. Instituiu-se tratamento baseado em limpeza diária das lesões, apara terapêutica e associação da terapia fotodinâmica antimicrobiana e laserterapia de baixa potência com laser vermelho nas lesões podais. Os parâmetros dosimétricos, energia (J) e fluência (J/cm2) variaram de acordo com as características e extensão das lesões dos dígitos. Ao término do tratamento, houve cicatrização completa das lesões podais e ausência de claudicação. Conclui-se que a associação da terapia fotodinâmica antimicrobiana e da laserterapia com laser vermelho foi eficiente no tratamento, sendo uma alternativa promissora ao tratamento convencional.
scite is a Brooklyn-based organization that helps researchers better discover and understand research articles through Smart Citations–citations that display the context of the citation and describe whether the article provides supporting or contrasting evidence. scite is used by students and researchers from around the world and is funded in part by the National Science Foundation and the National Institute on Drug Abuse of the National Institutes of Health.
334 Leonard St
Brooklyn, NY 11211
Copyright © 2023 scite LLC. All rights reserved.
Made with 💙 for researchers
Part of the Research Solutions Family.