Purpose: to verify the diseases and symptoms associated with changes in postural balance in middle-aged and elderly individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Methods: an integrative review was performed using the following descriptors: "Dizziness," "Vertigo," "Vestibular Diseases," "Labyrinth Diseases," and "Type 2, Diabetes Mellitus" in English and in Portuguese in databases such as PubMed, SciELO, LILACS, Web of Science, and Scopus. Observational articles involving individuals aged 40 years or more with type 2 diabetes mellitus and with alteration in postural balance having presented at least one disease or symptom associated with that alteration were selected. Results: the search yielded 1,209 articles, but only five met the eligibility criteria. Individuals in the selected studies had systemic arterial hypertension, high body mass index, peripheral neuropathy, and postural instability when walking on irregular surfaces and in the dark, when looking at moving objects, moving the head quickly and changing posture, resulting in stumbling when walking, and falls. The articles were classified as IIb and III, according to the levels of evidence of the American Speech-Language Hearing Association. Conclusion: the subjects in the studied articles presented cardiovascular alterations, peripheral neuropathy, vestibular symptoms, difficulties in tasks/movements in challenging contexts, and falls.
Objective: To analyze the biopsychosocial factors associated with complaints of dizziness in older adults with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Methods: A cross-sectional, descriptive study with a sample selected for convenience was performed in a university hospital. The participants were individuals aged 60 years or older diagnosed with type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Patients were assessed using a multidimensional survey, containing sociodemographic, clinical-functional, psycho-psychological and cognitive data. The Mini-Mental State Exam and the Short Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-15) were used to screen for cognitive deficits and depressive symptoms, respectively, and the Timed Up and Go Test was used to assess mobility. Data analysis was performed using the Chi-square and Mann-Whitney tests. Results: The sample consisted of 157 older adults of whom 45.22% complained of dizziness. There was a statistically significant association between dizziness and the variables: female sex, being unmarried, a low level of education, a negative self-perception of general health and vision, complaints of pain in the lower limbs, a fear of falling, a tendency to fall, cognitive impairment and psychological symptoms. Conclusion: Knowledge of the factors associated with the complaint of dizziness in older adults with DM2 allows improved targeting of prevention, assessment and intervention actions, in order to minimize the occurrence of falls, maintain or optimize functional capacity and cognitive skills, and thus improve quality of life.
Purpose: this study aims to verify the level of scientific evidence on the relationship between dizziness and academic achievement in childhood. Methods: the study was performed using the following search terms: dizziness, vertigo, child, learning, spelling, learning skills, academic skills, reading, and their correspondents in Portuguese in the following databases: PubMed, Scielo, LILACS and PsycINFO. Observational studies that examined the relationship between dizziness and academic achievement in childhood, published between 2007 and 2017, were included. Articles that did not allow access to the full text, and studies based on samples with motor, hearing, and cognitive disorders were excluded. Results: we initially found 315 articles and three met the established inclusion and exclusion criteria. These were scored according to the Newcastle-Ottawa Modified Scale with scores between 2 and 3 and as IIb according to the American Speech-Language Hearing Association levels of evidence and quality indicators. Conclusion: the results of this integrative review showed a low level of scientific evidence on the relationship between dizziness and academic achievement in childhood. It is important to emphasize the importance of improving study design to better understand their relationship, to allow provision of the best preventive, assessment, and intervention methods.
Purpose: to identify the state-of-the-art research on postural balance in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in both Brazilian and international literature. Methods: a bibliometric review, developed through bibliographical search in databases using the following descriptors: "postural balance" OR "vestibular diseases" OR "postural equilibrium" AND "autism". The eligibility criteria for sample selection were articles published in Brazilian and international journals, in either English or Portuguese. There was no restriction regarding the year of publication. The selection was based on reading the title, abstract, and lastly the full text of the articles potentially relevant for this review. Results: 62 articles were found based on the eligibility criteria. The number of publications related to the study’s theme peaked in 2015 and 2016, the first publication being from 1974. There was a predominance of studies published in the USA (37%), in English, with a quantitative, cross-sectional approach. Most of the authors compared the performance in body balance tasks of children with ASD with that of children with typical development. Conclusion: it was observed that body balance and postural control in children with ASD are growing trends in scientific publications.
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