1988
DOI: 10.1111/j.1524-4725.1988.tb01150.x
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Verrucous Carcinoma Arising in Ulcerative Lichen Planus of the Soles

Abstract: Verrucous carcinoma is a low-grade squamous cell carcinoma. Chronic inflammation is an important factor in its pathogenesis. This is the first case of plantar verrucous carcinoma arising in a lesion of ulcerative lichen planus. This paper also lends further support to the successful use of Mohs micrographic surgical technique as the treatment of choice for verrucous carcinoma.

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Cited by 44 publications
(22 citation statements)
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References 27 publications
(49 reference statements)
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“…The risk of esophageal cancer, pancreatic cancer, and gallbladder cancer may be increased by inflammatory diseases, such as esophagitis, Barrett's metaplasia, and chronic pancreatitis (16,29). Possible associations were also found in Marjolin's ulcer and skin carcinoma (16), asbestos and mesothelioma (16), silica, cigarette smoke, and bronchial cancer (16), chronic asthma and lung cancer (30)(31)(32), sarcoidosis and lung, skin, and liver cancer (33), ulcerative lichen planus and verrucous carcinoma (34,35), foreskin inflammation/phimosis and penile cancer (36), and pelvic inflammatory disease or ovarian epithelial inflammation and ovarian cancer (16,37). Chronic prostatitis, resulting from either persistent bacteria infection or noninfective stimuli, was associated with prostate cancer (38).…”
Section: Inflammation and Cancer: Evidence From Epidemiology And Clinmentioning
confidence: 90%
“…The risk of esophageal cancer, pancreatic cancer, and gallbladder cancer may be increased by inflammatory diseases, such as esophagitis, Barrett's metaplasia, and chronic pancreatitis (16,29). Possible associations were also found in Marjolin's ulcer and skin carcinoma (16), asbestos and mesothelioma (16), silica, cigarette smoke, and bronchial cancer (16), chronic asthma and lung cancer (30)(31)(32), sarcoidosis and lung, skin, and liver cancer (33), ulcerative lichen planus and verrucous carcinoma (34,35), foreskin inflammation/phimosis and penile cancer (36), and pelvic inflammatory disease or ovarian epithelial inflammation and ovarian cancer (16,37). Chronic prostatitis, resulting from either persistent bacteria infection or noninfective stimuli, was associated with prostate cancer (38).…”
Section: Inflammation and Cancer: Evidence From Epidemiology And Clinmentioning
confidence: 90%
“…2 On the other hand, less than 30 cases of carcinoma developing in cutaneous lichen planus have been reported, [3][4][5][6] 62% being hypertrophic lichen planus 3 and a lower proportion chronic ulcerative lesions. 3,7,8 However, only four cases of verrucous carcinoma associated with lichen planus have been reported in the literature, one oral and three cutaneous. 6,[8][9][10] Verrucous carcinoma is a low-grade, well-differentiated carcinomatous process displaying a marked tendency to compress and displace deeper tissues by downward growth rather than infiltrate them and having very low metastatic capability.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…3,7,8 However, only four cases of verrucous carcinoma associated with lichen planus have been reported in the literature, one oral and three cutaneous. 6,[8][9][10] Verrucous carcinoma is a low-grade, well-differentiated carcinomatous process displaying a marked tendency to compress and displace deeper tissues by downward growth rather than infiltrate them and having very low metastatic capability. It usually originates in one of three locations, namely the oral cavity, genitalia or soles of the feet, but may occur anywhere on the skin.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…One of the earliest descriptions of this phenomenon is that of Marjolin 122 in 1828 describing a relatively uncommon ulcerative condition associated with a thermal injury (Marjolin ulcer) in which malignant transformation occurs within a chronic inflammatory focus. 123 A similar association of SCC development with inflammatory disorders in nonhealing wounds has been described for lupus erythematosus, leg ulcerations, osteomyelitis, 124,125 perineal inflammatory disease, 125,126 ulcerative lichen planus 127 and epidermolysis bullosa of different etiology. 128Y130 More so, even areas of healed wounds with an established scar tissue are more susceptible to SCC and BCC development.…”
Section: Clinical Evidence Linking Inflammation and Skin Cancermentioning
confidence: 52%
“…136 In light of this, anti-inflammatory agents might indeed open a new and promising avenue in cancer prevention. 127 Perineal inflammatory disease SCC 125,126 Leg ulceration SCC 124 Severe thermal injury Marjolin ulcer (SCC)…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%