2021
DOI: 10.1590/0004-282x-anp-2020-0381
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Abstract: Background: Noninvasive stimulation has been widely used in the past 30 years to study and treat a large number of neurological diseases, including movement disorders. Objective: In this critical review, we illustrate the rationale for use of these techniques in movement disorders and summarize the best medical evidence based on the main clinical trials performed to date. Methods: A nationally representative group of experts performed a comprehensive review of the literature in order to analyze the key clin… Show more

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Cited by 3 publications
(172 citation statements)
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References 74 publications
(172 reference statements)
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“…Our initial search yielded 443 references, and 34 articles met the inclusion criteria of our scoping review, including 9 recommendation articles (Bikson et al, 2018a; Deer et al, 2014; Fregni et al, 2015; Fried et al, 2021; Kim et al, 2020; Sandars et al, 2016; Sierawska et al, 2019; Thibaut et al, 2017; Zhang et al, 2019), 10 guidelines (Antal et al, 2017; Bikson et al, 2020; Charvet et al, 2020, 2015; Cruccu et al, 2016; Fregni et al, 2021; Gillick et al, 2018; Lefaucheur et al, 2017; Legatt et al, 2016; Parikh et al, 2016), 10 critical reviews (ALHarbi et al, 2017; Cappon et al, 2016; Godeiro et al, 2021; Lucchiari et al, 2018; Maatoug et al, 2021; McClintock et al, 2019; Sanches et al, 2021; Santos et al, 2021; Shiozawa et al, 2017; Workman et al, 2020), and 5 expert consensus articles (Baptista et al, 2019; Buch et al, 2017; Ekhtiari et al, 2019; Grimaldi et al, 2014; Martelletti et al, 2013), which were used for elaborating the study questionnaires (Sup. Material - Appendix 8).…”
Section: Resultsmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Our initial search yielded 443 references, and 34 articles met the inclusion criteria of our scoping review, including 9 recommendation articles 4,7,22-28 , 10 guidelines 3,8,14,[29][30][31][32][33][34][35] , 10 critical reviews [36][37][38][39][40][41][42][43][44][45] , and 5 expert consensus articles 6,7,35,46,472,[48][49][50][51] , which were used for elaborating the study questionnaires (Sup. Material -Appendix 8).…”
Section: Systematic Scoping Reviewmentioning
confidence: 99%