2015
DOI: 10.1590/s1984-29612015068 View full text |Buy / Rent full text
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Abstract: This study investigated occurrences of anti-Neospora caninum and anti-Toxoplasma gondii IgG antibodies by means of the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and indirect immunofluorescence assay (IFAT), along with risk factors associated with toxoplasmosis and neosporosis, in 204 dogs from urban and rural areas of the municipality of Araguaína, state of Tocantins, Brazil. One hundred and thirty samples (63.7%) were positive for T. gondii using ELISA: 57.1% and 70.7% in the urban and rural areas, respective… Show more

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“…The age of dogs was a statistically significant factor in nine reports; older dogs were more likely to be seropositive FERNANDES et al, 2004;AZEVEDO et al, 2005;ANDREOTTI et al, 2006;CUNHA et al, 2008;MINERVINO et al, 2012;NOGUEIRA et al, 2013;BALTHAZAR et al, 2013;RAIMUNDO et al, 2015). Gender and breed were not associated with presence of antibodies.…”
Section: Epidemiologymentioning
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“…The age of dogs was a statistically significant factor in nine reports; older dogs were more likely to be seropositive FERNANDES et al, 2004;AZEVEDO et al, 2005;ANDREOTTI et al, 2006;CUNHA et al, 2008;MINERVINO et al, 2012;NOGUEIRA et al, 2013;BALTHAZAR et al, 2013;RAIMUNDO et al, 2015). Gender and breed were not associated with presence of antibodies.…”
Section: Epidemiologymentioning
“…However, 45 of 49 surveys used IFAT as a diagnostic technique, and most of them employed the cut-off value of 1:50, facilitating comparisons of occurrence values. In three surveys, IFAT and ELISA were compared for serological diagnosis of N. caninum in dog sera and IFAT was superior to indirect ELISA used HIGA et al, 2000;RAIMUNDO et al, 2015).…”
Section: Epidemiologymentioning
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“…In Brazil T. gondii is a common parasite, and the infection in dogs ranges from 2.6% to 90% (revised by DUBEY et al, 2012;FOURNIER et al, 2014;LOPES et al, 2011LOPES et al, , 2015RAIMUNDO et al, 2015). Also common, N. caninum is found to infect dogs in rates that go from 2.6% to 67.6% (revised by DUBEY, 2013).…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
“…Os hospedeiros definitivos reportados na literatura são os canídeos, a saber, cães (Canis familiaris) (MCALLISTER et al, 1998), coiote (Canis latrans) (GONDIM et al, 2004), dingo (Canis dingo) (KING et al, 2010) e lobo cinza (Canis lupus) (DUBEY et al, 2011). No Brasil, o parasita está disseminado por todo o país (GONDIM et al, 2001), verificado através da soropositividade em bovinos de vários estados brasileiros, além de caprinos, cães, canídeos silvestres, gatos, ovinos, búfalos, cavalos, capivaras e jumentos ( FUJII et al, 2001;FERNANDES et al, 2004;GUIMARÃES et al, 2004;GENNARI et al, 2005GENNARI et al, , 2016YAI et al, 2008;SCHARES, 2011;MORAES et al, 2011;JOSUÉ PIRES et al, 2014;RAIMUNDO et al, 2015;CAZAROTTO et al, 2016).…”
Section: Lista De Figuras Figura 1 Ciclo Biológico Dounclassified