2019
DOI: 10.1590/0100-6045.2019.v42n3.pp
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Thomas Kuhn’s Theory of Rationality

Abstract: According to a widespread view, Thomas Kuhn's model of scientific development would relegate rationality to a second plane, openly flirting with irrationalist positions. The intent of this article is to clarify this aspect of his thinking and refute this common interpretation. I begin by analysing the nature of values in Kuhn's model and how they are connected to rationality. For Kuhn, a theory is chosen rationally when: i) the evaluation is based on values characteristic of science; ii) a theory is considered… Show more

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Cited by 5 publications
(5 citation statements)
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References 12 publications
(10 reference statements)
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“…A natureza comunitária, mas não determinística, desses critérios de escolha acaba por implodir a distinção estrita entre fatores internos e externos. Ver Kuhn (1977bKuhn ( , 1983 e também Pirozelli (2019). Paulo Pirozelli Sociologia e abordagem sociológica (Daston, 2015).…”
Section: Paulo Pirozelliunclassified
“…A natureza comunitária, mas não determinística, desses critérios de escolha acaba por implodir a distinção estrita entre fatores internos e externos. Ver Kuhn (1977bKuhn ( , 1983 e também Pirozelli (2019). Paulo Pirozelli Sociologia e abordagem sociológica (Daston, 2015).…”
Section: Paulo Pirozelliunclassified
“…They are responsible for producing evidence, testing hypotheses, exchanging information, socializing new members, and choosing theories. Ultimately, individuals are the only real agents in Kuhn's model of scientific development (Pirozelli 2019).…”
Section: Individuals Communities and Groupsmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…The reason for choosing that topic is twofold. First, controversies are the founding element of Kuhn's sociological approach, provided that individual criteria of rationality are not sufficient to explain consensus formation see also D'agostino, 2010;Pirozelli, 2019) -so, this proposal can be directly compared to Kuhn's own remarks on the subject. More importantly, controversies are an immensely rich subject, one in which theories, evidence, and social interactions are all intertwined; thus, the way we describe the acceptance of new theories has a direct impact on our conception of science itself.…”
Section: An Explanatory Model Of Scientific Developmentmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…However, Kuhn also states that, because scientists have different personal and professional experiences, they may end up applying values differently in concrete cases (1977a, 1983a). In other words, the nature of values is such that equally competent researchers in possession of the same body of evidence may achieve distinct conclusions about what is the best theory in a field (for a more extensive discussion on Kuhn's theory of rational choice, see Pirozelli, 2019). I refer to this as Kuhn's thesis of the variability of values.…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…They do, but mainly indirectly, by influencing the application of values, and not the result in itself. SeePirozelli, 2019.…”
mentioning
confidence: 99%