2004
DOI: 10.1111/j.0105-1873.2004.00299.x
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The sex of the individual as a factor in allergic contact dermatitis

Abstract: Exogenous and endogenous factors have been implicated in allergic contact dermatitis (ACD); this review explores the sex of the individual as a possible endogenous factor. While there is a clinical impression that women are more skin-reactive than men, upon review this hypothesis appears oversimplified. This review explores sex differences in controlled testing of adult ACD, occupational ACD and juvenile ACD. Further, geographical location and socioeconomic and cultural factors in relation to sex differences i… Show more

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Cited by 66 publications
(47 citation statements)
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“…Studies on the prevalence of nickel sensitivity generally show that in the general population, up to 17% of women and 3% of men are nickel sensitive [21] thus concerning the prevalence of sensitization and sex, the results are consistent with those of previous reports [2224]. …”
Section: Discussionsupporting
confidence: 88%
“…Studies on the prevalence of nickel sensitivity generally show that in the general population, up to 17% of women and 3% of men are nickel sensitive [21] thus concerning the prevalence of sensitization and sex, the results are consistent with those of previous reports [2224]. …”
Section: Discussionsupporting
confidence: 88%
“…Women apparently are found to be sensitized more often than men, as previous studies have already shown. 15,16 It is, however, not entirely clear whether this observation is explained by constitutional differences between the sexes, 17 or by women being more intensely exposed, e.g. occupationally or to consumer products, or by both factors.…”
Section: -Chloro-2-methyl-isothiazol-3(2h)-one and 2-methylisothiazomentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Females report skin disease more often than males (1)(2)(3), and female gender is a predisposing factor to allergic contact dennatitis because of gender differences in exposure patterns (4)(5)(6). No significant differences in quality of life (QoL) scores have been reported between males and females with allergic contact dennatitis, but females report a higher degree of emotional distress (7,8) and a higher degree of discomfort from eczema than males (3).…”
Section: Sirmentioning
confidence: 99%