volume 40, issue 8, P668-674 2012
DOI: 10.1016/j.jcms.2011.11.003
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Nicolai Adolphs, Eric Arnaud, Ernst-Johannes Haberl, Luitgard Graul-Neumann, Gül Schmidt, Horst Menneking, Bodo Hoffmeister

Abstract: Craniofacial clefts are certainly among the most challenging congenital malformations with respect to functional, aesthetic and psychosocial consequences. The aetiology is still under discussion, recent molecular genetic findings suggest defects in the ciliary function of neural crest cells during facial development. The severity of craniofacial clefting is known to be extremely variable. Different classifications have been proposed however nomenclature is not uniform. If vertical, median craniofacial clefting…

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