2013
DOI: 10.1590/s0101-60832013000300006
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Abstract: Human beings have evolved in steps so that our consciousness has three major components -procedural learning of habits and skills, semantic learning of facts and propositions, and self-awareness of an identity that develops over time and place. Consequently, human consciousness involves growth in our subjective awareness integrating these three aspects of learning and memory. Contemporary psychiatry is substantially impaired by an anti-spiritual bias that is implicit in operational approaches to diagnosis, res… Show more

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Cited by 22 publications
(9 citation statements)
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“…43,48 b) Person-centered approach. Implies appreciation of the physical, mental, and spiritual components of human beings, in what Cloninger 19 has called ''ternary awareness.'' All of these aspects have etiological and recovering implications for mental-disordered patients who trust clinicians in their quest for relief, well-being, and a full life.…”
Section: General Principlesmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…43,48 b) Person-centered approach. Implies appreciation of the physical, mental, and spiritual components of human beings, in what Cloninger 19 has called ''ternary awareness.'' All of these aspects have etiological and recovering implications for mental-disordered patients who trust clinicians in their quest for relief, well-being, and a full life.…”
Section: General Principlesmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Nilsson first argues that the notion of unity of being is a presupposition rather than an empirical fact because Cloninger sees it as intuitive (Cloninger, 2004[3]) and that others suggest that its critics lack self-awareness (for a review see Cloninger, 2004[3]). Although Cloninger further develops the notion of unity of being and his view on scientific paradigms in several of his works (e.g., Cloninger 2004[3], Cloninger 2013[8], and Cloninger 2013[9]), we wanted to put this discussion in the context of the analogy that follows.…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…There is as yet no consensus account of the origin of the mind or how neurophysiological processes produce conscious experiences, feelings, and intentions. Despite recurring discussions, promissory materialism has not delivered 46,47 . Although neuroscience can clearly identify neural correlates associated with mental processes, it cannot explain precisely how cerebral activity creates mental-experience phenomena, and this gap leaves certain aspects of mind inexplicable, thus favoring implications for belief in the soul 5,48,49 .…”
Section: The Mind-brain Debate In Historical Perspectivementioning
confidence: 99%