2016
DOI: 10.1017/s0025315416000965
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The forgotten reefs: benthic assemblage coverage on a sandstone reef (Tropical South-western Atlantic)

Abstract: Despite the ecological relevance of tropical reefs, information on species composition and coverage on sandstone reefs is very scarce. Most studies on reef systems have been conducted for true coral reefs, ecosystems that show calcareous formations with extensive coral cover and diversity. The aim of this study was to analyse the coverage of benthic assemblages in a submerged sandstone reef (22–24 m) in a relatively non-explored region (Tropical South-western Atlantic). In this area, filamentous algae (43.6%) … Show more

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Cited by 35 publications
(40 citation statements)
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“…Sessile suspension feeders like bivalves, sponges, and corals play a role as ecosystem engineers (sensu Jones et al, 1994) and can maintain complex threedimensional structures that provide habitats and refuges for other species-these associations have been named as "Marine Animal Forests", because of their structural and functional similarity to terrestrial forests (Rossi et al, 2017). These communities occur widely around the world, from the tropics (e.g., Soares et al, 2017) to the poles (e.g., Arntz and Gallardo, 1994;Cárdenas and Montiel, 2017) and are characteristic of the rocky walls of the Comau Fjord (Försterra et al, 2017).…”
Section: Habitat-forming Species and The Marine Animal Forestsmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Sessile suspension feeders like bivalves, sponges, and corals play a role as ecosystem engineers (sensu Jones et al, 1994) and can maintain complex threedimensional structures that provide habitats and refuges for other species-these associations have been named as "Marine Animal Forests", because of their structural and functional similarity to terrestrial forests (Rossi et al, 2017). These communities occur widely around the world, from the tropics (e.g., Soares et al, 2017) to the poles (e.g., Arntz and Gallardo, 1994;Cárdenas and Montiel, 2017) and are characteristic of the rocky walls of the Comau Fjord (Försterra et al, 2017).…”
Section: Habitat-forming Species and The Marine Animal Forestsmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Among the SAO mesophotic ecosystems, there are many of these aggregations, which are composed of massive demosponges in the forms of balls, tubes, fans, vases or branches, such as Agelas, Aplysina, Xestospongia , Callyspongia, Clathria, Monanchora, Oceanapia, and Geodia (Moura et al., ; Soares, Lotufo, et al., ). Additionally, extensive coverage of sponges can be found atop submerged rocky outcrops (Soares, Rossi, Martins, & Carneiro, ).…”
Section: South Atlantic Mesophotic Ecosystemsmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…O PRM, com uma área de 33,20 km 2 , está localizado a 10 milhas náuticas (aproximadamente 18km) na direção 60º NE do município de Fortaleza, estado do Ceará (Figura 1). É a única unidade de conservação exclusivamente marinha do estado e foi criada para proteger recifes de arenito e bancos de sedimento, que abrigam rica biota (Soares et al, 2016). Essas feições estão permanentemente submersas, em profundidades que variam de 17 a 30 m. O PRM foi criado pela Lei Estadual 12.717 de 05 de setembro de 1997 e já no seu artigo 1.º coloca como única finalidade a proteção integral à flora, à fauna e às belezas cênicas daquele ecossistema.…”
Section: áRea De Estudounclassified
“…Tem-se o registro documentado de que a região é frequentada por 123 espécies de peixes ósseos, seis de peixes cartilaginosos, uma de golfinho e três de tartaruga, muitas dessas ameaçadas de extinção (Freitas, 2009;Soares et al, 2011). Também sabe-se que grande parte da superfície dos recifes está coberta por esponjas, corais e algas, sem no entanto termos a identificação da maioria das espécies (Soares et al, 2016). Informalmente, também são comuns os relatos da grande abundância de lagosta sobre os recifes do Parque.…”
Section: áRea De Estudounclassified
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