2017
DOI: 10.1111/aspp.12330
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Abstract: Strategic hedging is used by second-tier states in order to improve their relative position vis-a-vis the system leader. It is most likely to occur in unipolar systems that are experiencing power diffusion, and it involves the improvement of both military and economic capability while simultaneously avoiding a direct confrontation with the system leader. Strategic hedging takes place against the backdrop of key system dynamics involving the diffusion of hard and soft power away from the system leader toward va… Show more

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Cited by 8 publications
(4 citation statements)
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“…Several studies over the past few years confirmed that this is a trend in China's foreign policy in the Middle East (Salman, 2017;Salman, Pieper & Geeraerts, 2015), manifested particularly in energy security, with an eye to safeguarding itself against any potential future energy crisis that threatens its economic development. China has used hedging behavior as an insurance policy to offset risks by pursuing multiple policy options (Salman, 2017). Other studies have suggested that hedging strategy can be used by a regional power as policy responses to a great power (Guzansky, 2015;Hey, 2003;Miles & Wivel, 2014).…”
Section: Hedging Strategy: the Theoretical Frameworkmentioning
confidence: 98%
“…Several studies over the past few years confirmed that this is a trend in China's foreign policy in the Middle East (Salman, 2017;Salman, Pieper & Geeraerts, 2015), manifested particularly in energy security, with an eye to safeguarding itself against any potential future energy crisis that threatens its economic development. China has used hedging behavior as an insurance policy to offset risks by pursuing multiple policy options (Salman, 2017). Other studies have suggested that hedging strategy can be used by a regional power as policy responses to a great power (Guzansky, 2015;Hey, 2003;Miles & Wivel, 2014).…”
Section: Hedging Strategy: the Theoretical Frameworkmentioning
confidence: 98%
“…Until 2016, China is not only engaging with other states, particularly the Southeast Asian states, with economy, but also in improving behaviours and military capabilities, while avoiding any sort of direct confrontation with the US (Salman, 2017). Although, it is very hard to predict the Chinese foreign policy towards the US, in future, but the Chinese policy refers to the US power loss as her inability to sustain the hegemon position on the international order (Bader, 2012).…”
Section: Us-perception Of China's Rise and Its Goals Of Rejuvenationmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Buna göre biir devletlerin sistem lideriyle muhtemel bir çatışmayı göz önünde bulundurarak dikkat çekmeden askeri, ekonomik ve diplomatik hazırlık yapması A tipi hedging'tir, Çin'in sessiz yükselişi buna güzel bir örnektir (Salman, 2017). B tipi ise genelde küçük devletlerin daha önce peşine takıldıkları sistem liderinin gücünün ve sağladığı (askeri, ekonomik ya da diplomatik) desteğin azalması yada bitmesi ihtimaline karşı hazırlık yapmasıdır (B. F. Tessman, 2012).…”
Section: Armağanı: Stratejik Hedgingunclassified