2008
DOI: 10.1590/s1517-83822008000200010 View full text |Buy / Rent full text
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Abstract: The hepatitis B virus (HBV) has been considered the major occupational risk agent for dentists. The Central West region of Brazil is considered an intermediate endemic pattern area, but currently there is no information about the HBV prevalence in dentists of Goiânia, Goiás. This study aimed at the detection of the HBV infection rate and risk factors for dentists of Goiânia and the comparison of the obtained data with the general population and other groups. A randomized sample of 680 professionals participate… Show more

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“…The occurrence of HBV infection was directly proportional to length of service, being more common in individuals with over 20 years of service. Studies carried out with Brazilian healthcare workers in hospitals 21 , dentists 22 and hemodialysis workers 23 also revealed an association with length of service. Such data reinforce the possibility of occupational infection, as the awareness of occupational hazards was scarce 20 years ago and the use of PPE was not part of the practice of firefighters.…”
Section: Occupational Risk Factorsmentioning
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“…The occurrence of HBV infection was directly proportional to length of service, being more common in individuals with over 20 years of service. Studies carried out with Brazilian healthcare workers in hospitals 21 , dentists 22 and hemodialysis workers 23 also revealed an association with length of service. Such data reinforce the possibility of occupational infection, as the awareness of occupational hazards was scarce 20 years ago and the use of PPE was not part of the practice of firefighters.…”
Section: Occupational Risk Factorsmentioning
“…Nos anos seguintes, devido à dimensão da doença e a necessidade de implantação de politicas públicas que viabilizassem de forma universal, integral e com equidade o acesso da população aos serviços que versavam sobre as hepatites virais, foi instituída pela Portaria nº 2.080, o Programa Nacional para a Prevenção e o Controle das Hepatites Virais -PNHV 14 . Dada essa importância, os estudos nacionais 12,18,23 incluídos nessa revisão apresentaram prevalências altas em relação a vacinação completa com as três doses, entretanto, somente essa medida não é suficiente para garantir, de fato, a imunização. Dessa maneira, deve-se ressaltar a verificação da cobertura vacinal com a realização do teste anti-HBS para comprovar, a validade da sua cobertura vacinal contra o vírus 23 .…”
Section: Discussionunclassified
“…In Brazil, there are few studies about prevalence of serologic markers of HBV and HCV infections in dentist-surgeon. The prevalence of HBsAg varies from 0.0% to 0.7% and of anti-HBc varies from 0.6% to 9.1% [10][11][12]. The anti-HCV prevalence varies from 0.4% to 0.9% [12][13][14] depending on the studied geographic region.…”
Section: Introductionmentioning