Probation Journal volume 25, issue 4, P110-114 1978 DOI: 10.1177/026455057802500402 View full text
Malcolm Bryant, John Coker, Barry Estlea, Sheila Himmel, Ted Knapp

Abstract: THE PRESENT time is one of declining use of the probation order in favour of other penalties. It is a time of pressure to find alternatives to imprisonment for the petty recidivist offender who finds himself ultimately being sentenced to successive terms of imprisonment. It is a time of acclamation for the community service order and of proliferation of social inquiry reports and growing domestic work. But it is also a time of doubt about the competence of the Probation and After-Care Service and the efficacy…

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