2009
DOI: 10.1590/s0074-02762009000400026
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"Royal" pediculosis in Renaissance Italy: lice in the mummy of the King of Naples Ferdinand II of Aragon (1467-1496)

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Cited by 20 publications
(13 citation statements)
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References 5 publications
(3 reference statements)
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“…The attachment of nits/eggs to the hair by a solid and resistant matrix was clearly present (Burkhart and Burkhart, 2005). A similar substance also can be observed in contemporary samples and other archaeological samples from all over the world (Fornaciari et al, 2009). The remaining substance sheds light into cleaning attempts and nit/egg removal.…”
Section: Discussionsupporting
confidence: 57%
“…The attachment of nits/eggs to the hair by a solid and resistant matrix was clearly present (Burkhart and Burkhart, 2005). A similar substance also can be observed in contemporary samples and other archaeological samples from all over the world (Fornaciari et al, 2009). The remaining substance sheds light into cleaning attempts and nit/egg removal.…”
Section: Discussionsupporting
confidence: 57%
“…A double infestation by Pediculus capitis and Pthirus pubis (pubic louse) was described by FORNACIARI et al 11 , in the mummy of the King of Naples, Ferdinand II of Aragon (1467-1496). Another relevant episode of body lice infestation including parts of the abdomen or the dorsum of five lice evolved in Napoleon's soldiers in Vilnius, when Napoleon Bonaparte besieged the city in 1812, during the Russian Campaign 20 .…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 90%
“…The dynamics of infestation and transmission of head and body louse in the past is very well documented in many publications on the issue 1,3,8,11,14,21,24 . Hair samples, hair attached to the skull, in the form of scalp or fragments found in urns, carry lice and nits that have not yet been dated in the timeline of man's presence in the Americas.…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…For example, they were used to treat the ulcers and luetic swellings that often accompanied syphilis and leprosy (Marinozzi and Fornaciari, 2005), diseases which were rampant across Europe in the 15 th century. Scientific research indicates mercury-containing ointments were used to treat lice infestations (Fornaciari et al, 2011(Fornaciari et al, , 2009, to treat putrid ulcers, sores, warts and pocks, to treat erythema, used to remove blotches and freckles from the face and used as an anti-putrefactive balm (Marinozzi and Fornaciari, 2005). While popular rumors suggested that Ferrante II had syphilis, the historical/medical reports attributed his death to "malignant tertian malaria" (Minervini, 1923;Passero, 1780).…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%