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Cited by 95 publications
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References 26 publications
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“…Consequently, bone fracture characterization under mode II loading is particularly relevant although only few studies [13] address this topic. The compact shear test was proposed by Norman et al [10] and Brown et al [1] for mode II fracture characterization of human cortical bone and used it to evaluate fracture toughness dependency on bone location and age. However, several drawbacks can be pointed to this test as is the case of Abstract Fracture characterization of human cortical bone under mode II loading was analyzed using a miniaturized version of the end-notched flexure test.…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Consequently, bone fracture characterization under mode II loading is particularly relevant although only few studies [13] address this topic. The compact shear test was proposed by Norman et al [10] and Brown et al [1] for mode II fracture characterization of human cortical bone and used it to evaluate fracture toughness dependency on bone location and age. However, several drawbacks can be pointed to this test as is the case of Abstract Fracture characterization of human cortical bone under mode II loading was analyzed using a miniaturized version of the end-notched flexure test.…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Because in vivo bone fractures are often initiated and/or promoted by cracks, Fracture Mechanics emerges as an essential tool to assess bone tissue quality, in order to improve the diagnoses of fracture risks and the treatment of bone diseases (Wang and Puram, 2004). To date, most assessments of the toughness of cortical bone have involved linear-elastic fracture mechanics (LEFM), which yield a singlevalued fracture parameter: the critical stress intensity factor or the critical energy release rate (Norman et al, 1995(Norman et al, , 1996. The majority of the works have focused on the resistance to pre-crack starting advance under tension, both in the longitudinal (Norman et al, 1995(Norman et al, , 1996 and transverse (Phelps et al, 2000) axes of long bones.…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…To date, most assessments of the toughness of cortical bone have involved linear-elastic fracture mechanics (LEFM), which yield a singlevalued fracture parameter: the critical stress intensity factor or the critical energy release rate (Norman et al, 1995(Norman et al, , 1996. The majority of the works have focused on the resistance to pre-crack starting advance under tension, both in the longitudinal (Norman et al, 1995(Norman et al, , 1996 and transverse (Phelps et al, 2000) axes of long bones. A variety of fracture test specimens has been used: the compact tension (CT) specimen (Norman et al, 1995); the chevron-notched beam specimen (Yan et al, 2006); the compact sandwich tension specimen (Wang and Agrawal, 1996); and the single-edge notched beam (SEN) specimen (Phelps et al, 2000).…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…As is discussed later in this report, microcracks present in bone typically propagate throughout the cement line, commonly avoiding penetrating osteons themselves. (30,32,38) Prendergast and Huiskes (1996) reported that within osteonal cortical bone, lamellar layers create secondary osteons by surrounding the Haversian canal…”
Section: Osteonmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…A study was performed by Norman et al (1996) on microcracks in human cortical bone, and how the tissue of bone resists crack propagation. They hypothesized that human bone has a tendency to form microdamage in tension as opposed to shear regions.…”
Section: Fracture Toughnessmentioning
confidence: 99%