2016
DOI: 10.1590/s1518-8787.2016050006236 View full text |Buy / Rent full text
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Abstract: OBJECTIVE To estimate the prevalence of hypertension among adolescent Brazilian students.METHODS A systematic review of school-based cross-sectional studies was conducted. The articles were searched in the databases MEDLINE, Embase, Scopus, LILACS, SciELO, Web of Science, CAPES thesis database and Trip Database. In addition, we examined the lists of references of relevant studies to identify potentially eligible articles. No restrictions regarding publication date, language, or status applied. The studies were… Show more

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“…22 In a systematic review of studies in Brazilian adolescents, the overall prevalence of hypertension was calculated to be 8%. 23 Among the Indian studies, Prabhajot et al 8 reported prevalence of hypertension as 7.5% in Punjab students in age group of 6-14 years, SavithaM et al 24 17 , with higher systolic and diastolic pressures and significantly higher prevalence of systolic and diastolic pressures in males than females. Increased prevalence of high blood pressure in males than females was reported by Din-Dzietham R et al 31 in children and adolescents in 8-17 years age.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
“…A systematic review of studies published up to 2008 involving adolescents aged between10–20 from all regions of Brazil (without representation of the North region), estimated that the prevalence of HTN was 8.1% (95.0% CI: 6.2–10.5%) and higher in boys (8.7%; 95.0% CI: 5.8–13.0%) than in girls (6.3%, 95.0% CI: 4.4–9.0%)[ 8 ]. Another review of studies published up to 2012 involving young people aged 10–19 found a similar prevalence: (8.0%; 95.0% CI: 5.0–11.0%), 9.3% (95.0% CI: 5.6–13.6%) in boys and 6.5% 20 (95.0% CI: 4.2–9.1%) in girls [ 5 ]. However, in both reviews, only one study covered the Central-West region of Brazil, which includes the States of Goiás, Mato Grosso, and Mato Grosso do Sul, as well as the Federal District/Brasilia) [ 9 ].…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
“…An increasing number of Brazilian adolescents has HTN [ 5 ]. In general, HTN occurs asymptomatically in adolescence, which makes early diagnosis difficult [ 6 ].…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
“…In Brazil 21.4% of the population aged > 18 years reported a history of hypertension in the National Health Survey of 2013 . In adolescent students, a systematic review estimated a prevalence of 8% in 10‐ to 19‐year‐olds, and the Study of Cardiovascular Risk in Adolescents (ERICA) estimated a prevalence of 9.6% in 12‐ to 17‐year‐olds . Pediatric hypertension has been demonstrated to be predictive of hypertension in adulthood and cardiovascular and renal diseases …”
Section: Introductionmentioning
“…4 In adolescent students, a systematic review estimated a prevalence of 8% in 10-to 19-year-olds, and the Study of Cardiovascular Risk in Adolescents (ERICA) estimated a prevalence of 9.6% in 12-to 17-year-olds. 5,6 Pediatric hypertension has been demonstrated to be predictive of hypertension in adulthood and cardiovascular and renal diseases. 7 The validity of self-reported hypertension in adults and older adults has been investigated, and epidemiological studies in Brazil and elsewhere have widely used self-reported hypertension data.…”
Section: Introductionmentioning