2020
DOI: 10.1590/1516-4446-2019-0541
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Abstract: Considering the high prevalence of depression worldwide and the increasing burden of consequent disability, 1 identification of potential sociodemographic characteristics associated with this health concern on a nationwide level should be sought to support targeted public policies. In this sense, an interesting paper was published on April 15, 2019, in the Brazilian Journal of Psychiatry (then ahead of print; now in a regular, paginated issue). Carpena et al. 2 extended the knowledge about the association betw… Show more

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Cited by 2 publications
(5 citation statements)
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“…Another important difference is the population density. Previous studies have shown that the higher the population density, the greater the volume and severity of health problems requiring treatment (Rosenberg, 1982), including mental health disorders, such as depression and suicidal thoughts (Werneck & Silva, 2020) and drug misuse (Galea et al, 2005). Iceland is a country with the lowest population density in Europe and is a fairly secluded island with the lowest number of inhabitants in Europe.…”
Section: Geographical and Social Contextmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Another important difference is the population density. Previous studies have shown that the higher the population density, the greater the volume and severity of health problems requiring treatment (Rosenberg, 1982), including mental health disorders, such as depression and suicidal thoughts (Werneck & Silva, 2020) and drug misuse (Galea et al, 2005). Iceland is a country with the lowest population density in Europe and is a fairly secluded island with the lowest number of inhabitants in Europe.…”
Section: Geographical and Social Contextmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…There are conflicting results regarding population density and suicidal behavior. Werneck et al and Stark et al found an increased likelihood of suicide ideation and mortality being associated with a higher population density in Brazil and Scotland [ 44 , 48 ]. The inverse was reported by Knipe et al in Sri Lanka, for example, in rural areas with a low population density [ 21 ]; while no association was found O’Reilly et al in Northern Ireland as well [ 36 ].…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…The inverse was reported by Knipe et al in Sri Lanka, for example, in rural areas with a low population density [ 21 ]; while no association was found O’Reilly et al in Northern Ireland as well [ 36 ]. Urban areas represent employment opportunities but could also potentially expose inhabitants to mental health problems due to pressures related to increased competition for jobs, affordable housing and health care [ 48 ]. Furthermore, areas that are rural and with a lower population density may have higher unemployment rates which could exacerbate distress among individuals [ 21 , 45 ].…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%
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