volume 166, issue 7, P565-573 2018
DOI: 10.1111/eea.12699
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Joseph E. Sarfo, Colin A.M. Campbell, David R. Hall

Abstract: Abstract Sahlbergella singularis Haglund and Distantiella theobroma (Distant) (Heteroptera: Miridae) are the key insect pests of cacao in Ghana and elsewhere in West Africa. Since 1954, spraying with synthetic insecticides has been the principal means of controlling these pests. In West Africa, environmental concerns, economic stimuli, and unreliable access to insecticides have stimulated interest in ecologically more benign mirid control strategies as an alternative to a total reliance on insecticides. Males…

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