1997
DOI: 10.1590/s0074-02761997000300014
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On Leishmania enriettii and Other Enigmatic Leishmania Species of the Neotropics

Abstract: There are 20 named species of the genus Leishmania at present recognized in the New World, of which 14 are known to infect man. The present paper discusses the biological, biochemical and ecological features, where known, of six species which have not till now been found to cause human leishmaniasis; namely,

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Cited by 45 publications
(39 citation statements)
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References 31 publications
(22 reference statements)
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“…Further, this species has been suspected of being a vector of Leishmania (Leishmania) enriettii Muniz & Medina, 1948, a parasite of the guineapig, on the outskirts of Curitiba city in the Paraná state, and has been shown to be susceptible to experimental infection by this agent captured in the same region, but the flagellates seem to have failed to produce infection when inoculated into clean laboratory guinea-pigs (Luz et al 1967). The infection of a guinea-pig was also identified on a farm in Capão Bonito municipality (Machado et al 1994;Lainson 1997) situated very close to the PEI. Thus perhaps, if more females of Pi.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 94%
“…Further, this species has been suspected of being a vector of Leishmania (Leishmania) enriettii Muniz & Medina, 1948, a parasite of the guineapig, on the outskirts of Curitiba city in the Paraná state, and has been shown to be susceptible to experimental infection by this agent captured in the same region, but the flagellates seem to have failed to produce infection when inoculated into clean laboratory guinea-pigs (Luz et al 1967). The infection of a guinea-pig was also identified on a farm in Capão Bonito municipality (Machado et al 1994;Lainson 1997) situated very close to the PEI. Thus perhaps, if more females of Pi.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 94%
“…Lainson suggested that based on the arboreal habits of its known host Coendou, the vectors would be found on large tree trunks or in their resting places in hollow trees. 162 However, although this parasite was isolated from the vector Lu. furcata that was collected in a hollow tree in which an infected porcupines was living, 92 there are doubts regarding this host based on etho-ecologic and physiologic considerations of the role of primary vector for this parasite.…”
Section: Leishmania (L) Deanei Reservoir Hosts Deane and Others Fimentioning
confidence: 99%
“…103 In that case, phlebotomine sand flies should be regarded as the primary hosts of Leishmania species and mammals may act as secondary hosts that provide a source of parasites for these insects. 162 Humans may play a dual role in the GEC both by being part of the pathogenic complexes, mostly as occasional reservoir hosts, and by directly or indirectly transforming these cycles.…”
Section: Role Of Humans In the Pathogenic Complexes Of The Gecmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…n the Amazon Region of Brazil the situation regarding cutaneous leishmaniasis of man is complicated by the presence of several different species of Leishmania circulating in enzootics involving a wide variety of wild mammalian hosts and different phlebotomine sandfly vectors , 1997Lainson etal, 1994;Silveira et al, 1991a, b;Souza et al, 1996) Silveira et al, 1987;L. (V.) shawi Lainson et al, 1989;L.…”
mentioning
confidence: 99%