2018
DOI: 10.1590/0004-282x20180054
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Abstract: Background During the first decade of this century, a significant increase in the incidence of syphilis was documented. Objective To study clinical and laboratory characteristics of central nervous system and ocular syphilis. Methods A retrospective case series of 13 patients with a clinical and laboratory diagnosis of neurosyphilis and/or ocular syphilis who had been admitted to the Neurology and Neuro-ophthalmology Service of the Hospital de Clínicas, Federal University of Paraná. Results Nine patient… Show more

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Cited by 14 publications
(30 citation statements)
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References 19 publications
(30 reference statements)
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“…Syphilis is considered an endemic disease in Latin America, with an estimated prevalence of positive tests of 2.6% in the general population 3,10 . This investigation identified 12% of positive tests in stroke patients, which is close to previous studies, whose values were between 4 and 8.4% 11,12 .…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Syphilis is considered an endemic disease in Latin America, with an estimated prevalence of positive tests of 2.6% in the general population 3,10 . This investigation identified 12% of positive tests in stroke patients, which is close to previous studies, whose values were between 4 and 8.4% 11,12 .…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Por lo cual no se puede afirmar ni descartar el compromiso encefálico, como es el caso de nuestro paciente. (1,3,9) Esta situación es reportada en la literatura internacional. En la serie de Romero et al (4) en Chile, 4/10 casos de sífilis ocular tenían el análisis citoquímico del LCR normal con VDRL negativo.…”
Section: Discussionunclassified
“…Only quite a few cases of syphilitic myelitis have been documented in the reported literature. To the best of our knowledge, there are only 19 reported cases of syphilitic myelitis in the literature[4,7-21]. We herein report a case of syphilitic myelitis with longitudinally extensive myelopathy presenting with the characteristic of "flip-flop sign" on spinal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 94%