volume 298, issue 6, PG896-G907 2010
DOI: 10.1152/ajpgi.00259.2009
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Abstract: Hyperplasia of smooth muscle contributes to the thickening of the intestinal wall that is characteristic of inflammation, but the mechanisms of growth control are unknown. Nitric oxide (NO) from enteric neurons expressing neuronal NO synthase (nNOS) might normally inhibit intestinal smooth muscle cell (ISMC) growth, and this was tested in vitro. In ISMC from the circular smooth muscle of the adult rat colon, chemical NO donors inhibited [(3)H]thymidine uptake in response to FCS, reducing this to baseline witho…

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