Foreign Direct Investment 2000
DOI: 10.1057/9780230598614_8
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Cited by 439 publications
(668 citation statements)
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“…Hence, it is not surprising that the importance of backward or forward linkages between multinational companies and domestic suppliers and/or customers has also been emphasised in the literature on externalities. Blomström and Kokko (1998) in their review of the literature on productivity spillovers point out that "local firms may be able to improve their productivity as a result of forward or backward linkages with MNC affiliates" (p. 248).…”
Section: Linkagesmentioning
confidence: 99%
See 1 more Smart Citation
“…Hence, it is not surprising that the importance of backward or forward linkages between multinational companies and domestic suppliers and/or customers has also been emphasised in the literature on externalities. Blomström and Kokko (1998) in their review of the literature on productivity spillovers point out that "local firms may be able to improve their productivity as a result of forward or backward linkages with MNC affiliates" (p. 248).…”
Section: Linkagesmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…This entry causes the third effect, namely a fall in the price of intermediates which favours customer firms through lower input prices. Customer firms can be both domestic or multinational final good producing 7 Technological externalities can also benefit indigenous firms' export performance (see Aitken et al, 1997, Barrios et al, 2003, which Blomström and Kokko (1998) refer to as "market access spillovers". A further way of looking at technological externalities leading to spillovers from foreign firms is by examining R&D spillovers (Bernstein, 1988 for Canada andWakelin, 2001 for the UK) and their effects on indigenous firms.…”
Section: Plant Entrymentioning
confidence: 99%
“…3 See Blomström and Kokko (1998) for a literature review on the externalities associated with FDI and Aitken and Harrison (1999) for firm-level evidence of the positive impact of FDI on foreign-owned operations.…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Inward FDI is associated with the introduction of additional capital and new production and managerial skills that have a direct effect on productive efficiency. FDI also provides indirect effects by knowledge diffusion [Blomstrom and Kokko, 1998]. It is sometimes suggested that the most significant channels for the dissemination of modern technology are external effects or "spillovers" from FDI, rather than formal technology transfer agreements [see for example, Mansfield and Romeo, 1980;Blomstrom, 1989].…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%