2023
DOI: 10.3390/vetsci10020083
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Modern Imaging Techniques in the Study and Disease Diagnosis of the Mammary Glands of Animals

Abstract: The study of the structure and function of the animals’ mammary glands is of key importance, as it reveals pathological processes at their onset, thus contributing to their immediate treatment. The most frequently studied mammary diseases are mastitis in cows and ewes and mammary tumours in dogs and cats. Various imaging techniques such as computed tomography, positron emission tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and ultrasonographic techniques (Doppler, contrast-enchanced, three-dimensional and elastograp… Show more

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Cited by 4 publications
(4 citation statements)
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“…Louder treatment plans, including neoadjuvant systemic therapy, mastectomy and breast reconstruction, postoperative chemotherapy and targeted therapy, are otherwise indicated (tumour >2 cm, positive node or aggressive BC phenotype) (Cardoso et al, 2019). A progress in canine/feline MC management would be achieved if treatment plans were adapted to systematically defined cancer stages by histopathology (tumour, node) and medical imaging (for distant metastases) (Barbagianni & Gouletsou, 2023; Chocteau, Abadie, et al, 2019; Chocteau, Boulay, et al, 2019). The main aim of adapting treatment to cancer stage is to avoid overtreatment of in situ or localized disease, and undertreatment of locoregional or advanced disease.…”
Section: Influence Of the Stage Of Mammary Carcinomas On Treatment Op...mentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Louder treatment plans, including neoadjuvant systemic therapy, mastectomy and breast reconstruction, postoperative chemotherapy and targeted therapy, are otherwise indicated (tumour >2 cm, positive node or aggressive BC phenotype) (Cardoso et al, 2019). A progress in canine/feline MC management would be achieved if treatment plans were adapted to systematically defined cancer stages by histopathology (tumour, node) and medical imaging (for distant metastases) (Barbagianni & Gouletsou, 2023; Chocteau, Abadie, et al, 2019; Chocteau, Boulay, et al, 2019). The main aim of adapting treatment to cancer stage is to avoid overtreatment of in situ or localized disease, and undertreatment of locoregional or advanced disease.…”
Section: Influence Of the Stage Of Mammary Carcinomas On Treatment Op...mentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Mice have less number and types of stem cells that can be sufficient to manipulate and analyze in stem cell therapies. The technologies used in mice and human beings to evaluate and monitor neurofunction recovery is different (Barbagianni, M. S. & Gouletsou, P. G., 2023). In addition, the safety of stem cell applications cannot be evaluated in the same way because the dosages of stem cells and the route of administration are very different in mice and human with huge differences in size (Plews, J. R., Gu, M., Longaker, M. T. & Wu, J. C., 2012).…”
Section: Magnetic Stimulationmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Although, lymphoscintigraphy is considered the gold standard for lymphatic mapping, it can be studied in different ways, with its advantages and disadvantages. It is cited as methods of lymphatic mapping of the mammary glands, CT lymphography, radiographic lymphography, scintigraphy, as well as the use of vital dyes such as patent blue and methylene (BARBAGIANNI & GOULETSOU, 2023;BEER et al, 2023;FERANTI et al, 2018;SOULTANI et al, 2021).…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%