Mitochondrial diseases (
s) are a heterogeneous group of devastating and often fatal disorders due to defective oxidative phosphorylation. Despite the recent advances in mitochondrial medicine, effective therapies are still not available for these conditions. Here, we demonstrate that the micro
s miR‐181a and miR‐181b (miR‐181a/b) regulate key genes involved in mitochondrial biogenesis and function and that downregulation of these mi
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