volume 30, issue 2, P225-231 2012
DOI: 10.3233/jad-2012-111940
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Kamila Borowczyk, Diana M. Shih, Hieronim Jakubowski

Abstract: Homocysteine (Hcy)-thiolactone is toxic, induces epileptic seizures in rodents, and has been implicated in Alzheimer’s disease. Paraoxonase 1 (Pon1), a component of high-density lipoprotein, hydrolyzes Hcy-thiolactone in vitro. Whether this reflects a physiological function and whether Pon1 can protect against Hcy-thiolactone toxicity was unknown. Here we show that Hcy-thiolactone was elevated in brains of Pon1−/− mice (1.5-fold, p = 0.047) and that Pon1−/− mice excrete more Hcy-thiolactone than wild type ani…

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