2017
DOI: 10.1590/1516-4446-2017-2223
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Mental health problems among medical students in Brazil: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Abstract: Objective: To provide a comprehensive picture of mental health problems (MHPs) in Brazilian medical students by documenting their prevalence and association with co-factors. Methods: We systematically searched the MEDLINE/PubMed, SciELO, LILACS, and PsycINFO databases for cross-sectional studies on the prevalence of MHPs among medical students in Brazil published before September 29, 2016. We pooled prevalences using a random-effects meta-analysis, and summarized factors associated with MHP. Results: We includ… Show more

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Cited by 323 publications
(359 citation statements)
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References 89 publications
(69 reference statements)
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“…As for Scielo and LILACS, 94 records were found, but only one was deemed potentially eligible and this article was also found in the English database. Eventually, 10 systematic reviews and meta‐analyses were included in this overview …”
Section: Resultsmentioning
confidence: 99%
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“…As for Scielo and LILACS, 94 records were found, but only one was deemed potentially eligible and this article was also found in the English database. Eventually, 10 systematic reviews and meta‐analyses were included in this overview …”
Section: Resultsmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…were completely covered in Rotenstein et al., whereas the majority (>60%) of the studies in Coentre and Figueira, Hope and Henderson, and Puthran et al., were covered in Rotenstein et al . Pacheco et al . focused on students in Brazil, and less than half of their included studies were covered in Rotenstein et al .…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%
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“…The students (18)(19) years old) whose sleep was disturbed, had significantly higher depression mean score (3.81), as compared to the ones who had normal sleep (2.63), p<0.05 (see 20 years old students which had disturbed sleep, also had higher prevalence of depression (14.0) and higher depression mean score (4.56), as compared to normal sleep, 3.5, p<0.05 and 2.70, p<0.001, respectively (Table 2). Students (20 years old) who had disturbed sleep, had higher prevalence of anxiety (60.7) and higher score of anxiety (9.03), as compared to the students which had normal sleep, 26.3, p<0.05 and 5.95, p<0.001, respectively.…”
Section: Resultsmentioning
confidence: 99%