2021
DOI: 10.1093/jmp/jhab015
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Mental Disorder and Suicide: What’s the Connection?

Abstract: This paper offers a philosophical analysis of the connection between mental disorder and suicide risk. In contemporary psychiatry, it is commonly suggested that this connection is a causal connection that has been established through empirical discovery. Herein, I examine the extent to which this claim can be sustained. I argue that the connection between mental disorder and increased suicide risk is not wholly causal but is partly conceptual. This in part relates to the way suicidality is built into the defin… Show more

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Cited by 5 publications
(5 citation statements)
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“…Instead, attempts may manifest like other psychiatric disorders, which are often comorbid with each other. One objection to considering suicidal behavior as a disorder is the view that self-inflicted death is not necessarily pathological . This argument is most often raised in the context of medical assistance in dying (MAID) or of culturally sanctioned suicide.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 93%
See 1 more Smart Citation
“…Instead, attempts may manifest like other psychiatric disorders, which are often comorbid with each other. One objection to considering suicidal behavior as a disorder is the view that self-inflicted death is not necessarily pathological . This argument is most often raised in the context of medical assistance in dying (MAID) or of culturally sanctioned suicide.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 93%
“…Studies including nationally representative surveys documenting lifetime suicide attempts or suicidal ideation in psychiatrically healthy volunteers have not drawn attention to these data; instead, the information is typically only noted in a table or has to be derived from the report of the percentage of persons with lifetime suicide attempts who do have a psychiatric disorder . Furthermore, some authors have suggested that the absence of a psychiatric disorder in individuals who have made a suicide attempt must be due to a masked disorder such as depression, although a potential role of subclinical diagnoses has been raised . This general approach to reporting may reflect a clinical or cultural bias leading investigators not to focus on the occurrence of lifetime suicide attempts or suicidal ideation in healthy volunteers.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…For instance, the symptoms experienced by persons with mental illnesses can generate distress, suffering and impairment, thus increasing suicide risk. 34 In addition to improving mental health awareness and gatekeeper training, another strategy that addresses stigma reduction is suicide decriminalisation. Attempted suicide remains a criminal offence in Kenya, punishable by up to a 2-year jail term.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…For instance, the symptoms experienced by persons with mental illnesses can generate distress, suffering and impairment, thus increasing suicide risk. 34 …”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…No predictors have been reliably identified, and attempts to decrease mortality due to suicides have not been successful (Franklin et al, 2017). There are no reliable data which would allow treating suicide as an aspect of any clinical distortion or even reveal regular correlations of a suicide with any clinical syndrome (see a detailed discussion of this issue in Maung, 2021).…”
Section: Suicidal Behavior As a Reaction To Psychological Crisis: The...mentioning
confidence: 99%