2014
DOI: 10.1590/0074-0276140107
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Mansonelliasis, a neglected parasitic disease in Haiti

Abstract: Reported in Haiti as early as 1923, Mansonella ozzardi is still a neglected disease ignored by the health authorities of the country. This review is an update on the geographic distribution of the coastal foci of mansonelliasis in Haiti, the epidemiological profile and prevalence rates of microfilariae in people living in endemic areas, the clinical impact of the parasite on health and the efficiency of the transmission of the parasite among three Culicoides biting-midge species identified as vectors in Haiti.… Show more

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Cited by 11 publications
(8 citation statements)
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References 28 publications
(34 reference statements)
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“…55 In Haiti, where C. furens larvae breed in both brackish and freshwater while C. barbosai breeds exclusively in mangrove salty marshes, all major foci are located in coastal areas. 56 Transmission levels appear to have increased in recent years in known Thick-smear microscopy and membrane filtration combined. indigenous) from the upper Negro river, with 2-8 lesions per eye.…”
Section: A Patchy Geographic Distributionmentioning
confidence: 99%
See 1 more Smart Citation
“…55 In Haiti, where C. furens larvae breed in both brackish and freshwater while C. barbosai breeds exclusively in mangrove salty marshes, all major foci are located in coastal areas. 56 Transmission levels appear to have increased in recent years in known Thick-smear microscopy and membrane filtration combined. indigenous) from the upper Negro river, with 2-8 lesions per eye.…”
Section: A Patchy Geographic Distributionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…10,44,48,49,53,56,60,[65][66][67] There is also evidence that average microfilaria counts, among microscopy-positive subjects, increase with age, 48,68 consistent with increased exposure in adults leading to frequent superinfection in the absence of effective acquired immunity. Adult males are more often affected than females, 18,44,48,52 with greater average microfilaremias in males, 48 suggesting that the risk of infection may be associated with occupation-related exposure (e.g.…”
Section: 6781mentioning
confidence: 99%
“…This situation is also explained by the fact that the economic situation in Haiti is very precarious and has not improved significantly over the last 50 years, especially in peripheral regions where poverty and illiteracy remain at very high levels. As already mentioned Raccurt et al [74], it would be useful to place this neglected disease on the agenda to the Ministry of Public Health, and to provide ivermectin to the health facilities to treat the inhabitants, fishermen or cultivators, carriers of microfilariae and who complain of chronic symptoms such as fever, headache, pruritus. Surveillance campaigns for M. ozzardi among exposed populations should also be carried out to better control this endemic disease.…”
Section: Resultsmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…In Haiti, M. ozzardi was reported for the first time by the Rockefeller mission in 1920 [72] and then in an article on lymphatic filariasis in Puerto Rico [61]. Haiti has important foci in coastal areas colonized by the mangroves [3,73], a situation that persists until today [74,75]. A review of cases of carriers of microfilariae -detected between November 1964 and June 1965 (144 blood smears) and February 1969 to February 1976 (280 blood smears) by the Service National d'Éradication de la Malaria (SNEM) and the medical laboratory of the hospital "Le Bon Samaritain", in Limbé, in the North of Haiti, from July 1969 to February 1976 (83 blood smears) -has been carried out by Ripert et al [76].…”
Section: In the Caribbeanmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…In Haiti, M. ozzardi was reported for the first time by the Rockefeller mission in 1920 (Raccurt, 1999) and then in an article on lymphatic filariasis in Puerto Rico (Hoffman et al ., 1932). In Haiti, foci have been reported in coastal areas populated by mangroves (Ripert et al , 1977; Raccurt et al ., 1980; Raccurt, 1984), a situation that persists until today (Raccurt et al ., 2014a, b). A revision of blood smears collected in all parts of the country by the Service National d’Éradication de la Malaria (SNEM), and in the north of Haiti by the hospital ‘Le Bon Samaritain’ in Limbé, has been conducted (Ripert et al ., 1977).…”
Section: Geographical Distributionmentioning
confidence: 99%