2020
DOI: 10.1111/1365-2664.13717
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Interactive persistent effects of past land‐cover and its trajectory on tropical freshwater biodiversity

Abstract: 1. Evidence indicating that ecological communities show delayed responses to environmental change has raised the need to better understand the effects of landscape history on biodiversity. 2. We investigated how freshwater biodiversity is related to both recent and past land use change in tropical river catchments. More specifically, we analysed the relationship between biodiversity and change in forest cover that occurred across five decades, including landscape trajectories of forest gain and loss. Past Rece… Show more

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Cited by 6 publications
(5 citation statements)
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“…We tried to minimize temporal mismatch in predictor and response variables by matching the year that landscape and climate predictors were collected with the temporal period of the NRSA survey. However, past land use activities can have lasting, legacy effects on stream ecosystems and can be better indicators of taxonomic assemblages than contemporary land use (Harding et al, 1998; Leal et al, 2016; Santos et al, 2020). Incorporating information on land use conversion may be something to consider in future studies to help improve prediction.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…We tried to minimize temporal mismatch in predictor and response variables by matching the year that landscape and climate predictors were collected with the temporal period of the NRSA survey. However, past land use activities can have lasting, legacy effects on stream ecosystems and can be better indicators of taxonomic assemblages than contemporary land use (Harding et al, 1998; Leal et al, 2016; Santos et al, 2020). Incorporating information on land use conversion may be something to consider in future studies to help improve prediction.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Yet, quantifying ecosystem stability in the face of complex drivers of environmental change, such as land-use intensification, poses major logistical challenges. Observational studies in farmed land are plagued with various spatial and historical factors that preclude a clear interpretation of biomass variation (Santos et al, 2020), while land use intensification cannot be realistically captured in laboratory experiments where the mechanisms of biomass variation could be unveiled. In this study, we report the results of a large-scale experiment conducted in Southeastern Brazil (Figure 1), manipulating a common sequence in land use intensification: extensive pastures with no management and low cattle stocking density; intensive pasture with tiling, liming, fertilizing, seeding, and moderate cattle stocking density; and sugarcane plantations with tiling, liming, fertilizing, pesticide application and harvesting.…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…However, this assumption is commonly violated in conservation-relevant cases such as invasive species, reintroduction programs, or threatened populations that are subjected to ongoing environmental change. This leads to inaccurate projections because the true species distribution is actually transient and thus dependent on time and history (Santos et al, 2020; Watts et al, 2020; Semper-Pascual et al, 2021).…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%