volume 166, issue 5, P357-366 2018
DOI: 10.1111/eea.12659
View full text
S.S.L. Birnbaum, P. Abbot

Abstract: Studies of plant defenses and insect herbivores have been important in the development of our understanding of coevolution and specialization. Milkweed-herbivore systems have been a model for studying plant secondary chemistry defense evolution, insect adaptations to that chemistry, and coevolution between toxic plants and their herbivores for over a century. Yet, we are only beginning to unravel the multitude of adaptations required for insect specialization on milkweed plants. We review the empirical eviden…

expand abstract