2007
DOI: 10.1590/s1678-77572007000300009
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Influence of isolated cleft palate and palatoplasty on the face

Abstract: IntroductionThe literature has demonstrated that alterations in craniofacial morphology characterizing individuals with cleft palate are observed in both operated and unoperated patients.ObjectiveThis study evaluated the influence of isolated cleft palate and palatoplasty on the face, based on facial analysis.Material and methodsLateral facial photographs of the right side of 85 young adult patients with cleft palate were analyzed, of whom 50 were operated on and 35 had never received any previous surgical tre… Show more

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Cited by 22 publications
(18 citation statements)
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“…[1][2][3][4][5][6] In addition, cleft patients are known to have an increased vertical growth pattern compared to that of noncleft patients 1,[7][8][9][10][11][12][13] and to maintain their initial vertical pattern during growth. 14 Facemask therapy for maxillary protraction has been regarded as an effective tool for producing orthopedic change in cleft patients.…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…[1][2][3][4][5][6] In addition, cleft patients are known to have an increased vertical growth pattern compared to that of noncleft patients 1,[7][8][9][10][11][12][13] and to maintain their initial vertical pattern during growth. 14 Facemask therapy for maxillary protraction has been regarded as an effective tool for producing orthopedic change in cleft patients.…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…The larger number of Class II malocclusions may be explained by the condition of the mandible, which exhibits a predominantly vertical growth in cases of cleft as well as morphological, spatial and dimensional abnormalities. 6,8,14 Cephalometric data on the mandible showed a clockwise rotation, 25,28 an increased mandibular plane angle, a retrusion in relation to the cranial base 14 and a reduction on the dimensions of the body and ramus. 8,27,30 The clockwise rotation of the mandible can help to explain the increased incidence of Class II malocclusion in patients with isolated cleft palate.…”
Section: Sagittal Relationshipmentioning
confidence: 96%
“…23,24 The treatment of a cleft palate begins with a primary palatoplasty at 12 months of age. 25,28 From that point on, non-surgical therapy is then directed mainly towards vocal quality and hearing competence.…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
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“…The anterior part of the palate is repaired at the same time as the lip the main palatal defect is repaired between 15 and 18 months at a time when it will shortly be required for development of speech . 22,23…”
Section: Naso Alveolar Moulding (Nam)mentioning
confidence: 99%