2021
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0241428 View full text |Buy / Rent full text
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Abstract: Background Optimal breastfeeding is critical for healthy growth of the child. Globally, 820,000 children and 20,000 women lost due to in appropriate breastfeeding each year. In Ethiopia, 50,000 children lost related to malnutrition with 18% were due to poor breastfeeding habit. Little is known on the determinants of breastfeeding with hierarchical level. Therefore, this study aimed to identify factors influencing optimal breastfeeding among children under six month in Ethiopia using a multilevel analysis. Me… Show more

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“…Moreover, in South Africa, our study findings showed that women of childbearing age who were underweight were more likely to belong to poorer wealth households, reside in the Northern Cape and Limpopo provinces, have height above average, be currently breastfeeding, and smoke cigarettes. These study findings are in line with other studies conducted in South Asian [ 49 , 51 , 52 ] and other African countries [ 39 , 40 , 59 ]. Studies have documented that the upturn in women’s employment is an important contributing factor to the direct causes of undernutrition such as feeding practices and ill health, and more distinct bases of undernutrition (such as income, food security, and education) have a greater prospect to improve women’s nutritional status [ 64 , 65 , 66 ].…”
Section: Discussionsupporting
“…The odds of being underweight among Nigerian women of childbearing age were increased by being self-employed, as well as being from the North east and North west geopolitical zones; breastfeeding was also significantly associated. This is consistent with other studies [ 27 , 28 , 29 , 59 ] and could be due to differences in educational status, food security, and access to information regarding nutrition education to address the prevalent underweight burden, especially among Nigerian women in rural grassroots communities. Moreover, in South Africa, our study findings showed that women of childbearing age who were underweight were more likely to belong to poorer wealth households, reside in the Northern Cape and Limpopo provinces, have height above average, be currently breastfeeding, and smoke cigarettes.…”
Section: Discussionsupporting
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