2017
DOI: 10.1556/032.2017.67.2.3
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European integration perspectives: From cohesion to divergence?

Abstract: This paper examines the impact of EU enlargement and the global economic crisis on the relative development of the EU countries. This effect is assessed by applying multivariate analysis to the whole set of 28 European countries at three representative points in time. The cluster analysis for the years 2002, 2007, and 2012 grouped the countries according to the range of economic development indicators showing within-EU cohesion before the EU enlargement, after the enlargement wave, and after the crisis. The fi… Show more

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Cited by 6 publications
(7 citation statements)
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“…It also became a point of interest in the context of equalizing economic disparities between countries, especially after the eastward expansions in 2004 and 2007. The subject literature presents many opposing views of economic integration (Haas 1958;Lindberg 1963;Balassa 1973;Machlup 1977;Molle 2006;Recher and Kurnoga 2017;Druzhinin and Prokopyev 2018).…”
Section: Literature Review and Hypotheses Developmentmentioning
confidence: 99%
See 1 more Smart Citation
“…It also became a point of interest in the context of equalizing economic disparities between countries, especially after the eastward expansions in 2004 and 2007. The subject literature presents many opposing views of economic integration (Haas 1958;Lindberg 1963;Balassa 1973;Machlup 1977;Molle 2006;Recher and Kurnoga 2017;Druzhinin and Prokopyev 2018).…”
Section: Literature Review and Hypotheses Developmentmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Even though many studies have been published confirming the occurrence of a gradual process of convergence in the EU countries (CEE + WE), recent papers indicate divergent tendencies (Cuestas et al 2012;Recher and Kurnoga 2017), Alexe (2012) studied the influence of the world crisis on the convergence of the EU countries, paying particular attention to countries which joined the Union after 2004. According to the author countries which joined the EU in 2004 are closing in on the Western European countries in terms of GDP growth per capita, however, in the cases of Bulgaria and Romania, this process is not that obvious.…”
Section: Literature Review and Hypotheses Developmentmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Regarding empirical research on the sample of the European countries, income convergence is confirmed in specific cases/groups and periods (e.g. Stani si c 2012; Gligori c 2014; Recher -Kurnoga 2017).…”
Section: Literature Reviewmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Some studies attempt to determine the importance of the spatial distribution of regions in the EU in regard to the interregional convergence process, and relations with closest neighbours are found to be significant (Bal-Domańska, 2014). Attention is also drawn to the effects of the economic crisis in 2008, which disturbed the process of interregional convergence in the EU (Recher & Kurnoga, 2017), as well as demographic changes, which involved a significant reduction in population in recent years (by 15% for Latvia and Lithuania; by 11% for Bulgaria and Romania). In this case, even minimal GDP growth brought about a significant increase of GDP per capita, especially in comparison with regions from developed countries, which are characterised by a high population growth rate (Luxembourg by 25%; Ireland by 21.5% in 2000-2013) (Borowiec, 2015).…”
Section: Theoretical Frameworkmentioning
confidence: 99%