2019
DOI: 10.1186/s13071-019-3508-6
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Efficacy of the mermithid nematode, Romanomermis iyengari, for the biocontrol of Anopheles gambiae, the major malaria vector in sub-Saharan Africa

Abstract: Background The intensive use of chemical insecticides against mosquitoes has led to the development of widespread insecticide resistance. Control of Anopheles mosquitoes in malaria endemic areas of sub-Saharan Africa has become increasingly difficult. There is an urgent need for malaria control programmes to adopt more integrated mosquito management approaches that include sustainable, nonchemical solutions. The mermithid nematode Romanomermis iyengari … Show more

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Cited by 14 publications
(12 citation statements)
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“…For example, laboratory and field tests conducted in Benin showed that treatment of larval breeding sites with eggs of the nematode Romanomermis iyengari significantly reduced An. gambiae larvae density [94]. Early larval stages are more susceptible to infection, hence nematode control should be applied shortly after rainfall and relies on extensive surveying of breeding sites.…”
Section: Larvicidesmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…For example, laboratory and field tests conducted in Benin showed that treatment of larval breeding sites with eggs of the nematode Romanomermis iyengari significantly reduced An. gambiae larvae density [94]. Early larval stages are more susceptible to infection, hence nematode control should be applied shortly after rainfall and relies on extensive surveying of breeding sites.…”
Section: Larvicidesmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…quinquefasciatus, and An. gambiae [226][227][228][229]. As they are naturally adapted to their host, such nematodes are highly specific to theirs hosts, which they can kill by producing high levels of parasitism.…”
Section: Parasitic Nematodesmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…They are obligate endoparasites of at least 100 species of mosquito larvae (Platzer 2007). The ease of application, environmental safety, host specificity, lethality, practical methods of in vivo mass rearing and achievability of long-term recycling make mermithid nematodes ideal biological control agents (Abagli et al 2019).…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Likewise, Pérez-Pacheco et al (2015) examined the susceptibility of culicine mosquito larvae to R. iyengari. In laboratory experiments, Abagli et al (2019) showed that all Culex quinquefasciatus Say, 1823 instar larvae were susceptible to R. iyengari infection. Moreover, Pérez-Pacheco et al ( 2015) demonstrated that the 3 rd instar larvae of Aedes aegypti (Linnaeus, 1762), Anopheles pseudopunctipennis Theobald and Cx.…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%