2021
DOI: 10.3390/jof7050335
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Effect of Isolation Conditions on Diversity of Endolichenic Fungal Communities from a Foliose Lichen, Parmotrema tinctorum

Abstract: Endolichenic fungi (ELF) are emerging novel bioresources because their diverse secondary metabolites have a wide range of biological activities. Metagenomic analysis of lichen thalli demonstrated that the conventional isolation method of ELF covers a very limited range of ELF, and the development of an advanced isolation method is needed. The influence of four variables were investigated in this study to determine the suitable conditions for the isolation of more diverse ELF from a radially growing foliose lic… Show more

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Cited by 15 publications
(13 citation statements)
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References 60 publications
(66 reference statements)
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“…Several efforts have been made to isolate diverse ELF. We previously reported the use of small lichen segments increased the richness of ELF isolates because it prevented fast-growing fungal hyphae covering slow-growing fungal colonies [ 40 ]. Moreover, Muggia et al.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%
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“…Several efforts have been made to isolate diverse ELF. We previously reported the use of small lichen segments increased the richness of ELF isolates because it prevented fast-growing fungal hyphae covering slow-growing fungal colonies [ 40 ]. Moreover, Muggia et al.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Because if ELF community is greatly affected by vertical transmission, ELF community dissimilarities would be constant regardless of distances between lichen segments. Furthermore, considerable numbers of ELF have been reported to be endophytes [ 9 , 12 , 13 , 34 , 40 ]. Hence, horizontal transmission would be reasonable that several endophytes invaded lichen thalli after epiphytic lichen had attached to tree bark.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%
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“…For more than 70 years, N. crassa has been a model system for studies in genetics and biochemistry, serving as the study organism for Beadle and Tatum’s “one gene, one enzyme” hypothesis ( 39 ). Chaetomium globosum is a cosmopolitan fungus that is a common contaminant on plant debris and often associated with terrestrial plants, marine algae, and lichens as endophytes ( 40 42 ). These five species all develop perithecia on carrot agar medium, a “common garden” environment that was established to create uniform growth conditions across species for comparative fungal transcriptome analysis ( 10 ).…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%