2020
DOI: 10.3390/polym13010134 View full text |Buy / Rent full text
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Abstract: This work aimed to review the recent scientific research, focused on the application of recycled fibers, taken from textile waste, in the field of composite materials to fulfill the eco-sustainability requirements of textile manufacturing, and promote actions for a circular economy. The yarns and fabric production represent one of the most polluting processes of the industrial world. The harmful environmental impact of the textile process has been described by reporting the different treatments involving the r… Show more

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“…There is a need to move away from non-degradable synthetic materials not only in the synthesis of microcapsules, but especially in the production of textile substrates, which contribute to the accumulation of solid waste, and to microplastic pollution of habitats via textile laundering wastewater [202,203]. However, it should be highlighted that the cultivation of cellulosic fibres for cotton, on the other hand, requires large amounts of water for plant growth, with intensive use of fertilisers, pesticides and defoliants, all of which pose environmental challenges [204].…”
Section: Opportunities For Further Researchmentioning
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“…There is a need to move away from non-degradable synthetic materials not only in the synthesis of microcapsules, but especially in the production of textile substrates, which contribute to the accumulation of solid waste, and to microplastic pollution of habitats via textile laundering wastewater [202,203]. However, it should be highlighted that the cultivation of cellulosic fibres for cotton, on the other hand, requires large amounts of water for plant growth, with intensive use of fertilisers, pesticides and defoliants, all of which pose environmental challenges [204].…”
Section: Opportunities For Further Researchmentioning
“…The recycling of residual polymers is carried out by different methods depending on the nature of the components and the application of the products obtained [19][20][21], the most common, as evidenced in Table 1, are as follows: i. mechanical recycling through crushing and/or grinding of polymers to reduce size-this is the most appropriate, with the least limitations and effect on the environment; ii. chemical recycling converts polymers into useful monomers in the petrochemical industry through solvolysis and hydrolysis; iii.…”
Section: Recycling Of Residual Polymersmentioning
“…Over the past decades, environmentalists have devoted more and more effort to the impact of chemical and industrial processes and, as a consequence, in a number of countries, governments have promoted rules and laws to protect the quality of the environment for the future [ 4 ]. In this context, chemical industries have been pushed to adopt non-polluting chemical processes and materials, reduce the use of hazard chemicals, efficiently use raw materials, and reduce emissions and wastes.…”
Section: Introductionmentioning