2020
DOI: 10.1029/2019jb018557
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Abstract: In fold‐and‐thrust belts and accretionary prisms, fault bends induce folding in the hanging wall that can alter the long‐term loading rate on the megathrust and profoundly influence earthquake‐related processes. To understand the impact of nonplanar faults and off‐fault deformation on the seismic cycle, we incorporate fault‐bend fold theory into fault dynamics and develop two‐dimensional numerical simulations of slip evolution under a physics‐based rate‐ and state‐dependent friction law. Fault bends can play a… Show more

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