2018
DOI: 10.3390/su10051432
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Abstract: With data from a household survey covering migrant settlers and indigenous (Kichwa) communities in the Sumaco Biosphere Reserve (SBR), this study analyses the drivers of agricultural diversification/specialisation, focusing on the role of ethnicity and the livelihood strategies (LS) they follow. Data were collected using the Poverty and Environment Network methodology of the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR-PEN). In order to establish the drivers of agricultural diversification, the number of … Show more

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Cited by 18 publications
(13 citation statements)
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References 65 publications
(13 reference statements)
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“…Based on their experience, participants of the focus group discussion underlined the reason that large farm holdings and several plots of land have given the advantage to wealthy farmers to diversify various plants in their farm. Our result is in line with [48][49][50] that higher plant species richness found in wealthy farmers was related to larger land holdings.…”
Section: Influence Of Agroecological Zone and Wealth Status On Plant Diversitysupporting
confidence: 90%
“…Based on their experience, participants of the focus group discussion underlined the reason that large farm holdings and several plots of land have given the advantage to wealthy farmers to diversify various plants in their farm. Our result is in line with [48][49][50] that higher plant species richness found in wealthy farmers was related to larger land holdings.…”
Section: Influence Of Agroecological Zone and Wealth Status On Plant Diversitysupporting
confidence: 90%
“…Assuming that farmers strive to reduce underperformance of the 10 pre-selected indicators, the optimal portfolios suggest that crop-based farms would benefit from allocating a larger share of their land to silvopasture, while for cattle-based farms diversifying their farm with more land-uses (including alley cropping) may be advantageous. Differences in the optimal portfolios of farms with similar land-use and income patterns are plausible, given the many empiric studies that link farm and household characteristics with farmers' land-use decisions, including the degree of agricultural diversification (Ochoa et al 2019;Torres et al 2018), and adoption of agroforestry (Pattanayak et al 2003;Zabala et al 2013).…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…The livelihoods of Kichwa people depend on their connection to the Amazon rainforest; their subsistence strategies include obtaining food from their chakra gardens, catching wild fish from the nearby rivers, raising chicken or tilapia fish as part of their chakras and more often from purchasing staple foods from the stores (Coq-Huelva et al, 2017;Houck et al, 2013;Perreault, 2005). Several authors have noticed that Kichwas ability to grow their own food supports their resilience during economic crises (Perreault, 2005) and changing environmental conditions (Coq-Huelva et al, 2017;Torres et al, 2018). This route is managed under a participatory model of governance, which involves a consortium of government agencies, non-profit organizations, academia and Kichwa and non-Kichwa entrepreneurs.…”
Section: Study Regionmentioning
confidence: 99%