2010
DOI: 10.1590/s0037-86822010000600032
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Cryptococcus gattii molecular type VGII as agent of meningitis in a healthy child in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: report of an autochthonous case

Abstract: Cryptococcus gattii causes meningoencephalitis in immunocompetent hosts, occurring endemically in some tropical and subtropical regions. Recently, this fungus was involved in an outbreak in Vancouver Island and British Columbia (Canada). In this temperate region, the VGII type is predominant. The paper describes an autochthonous case of meningoencephalitis by C. gattii VGII in a previously health child in Rio de Janeiro, considered nonendemic region of Brazil. The fungus was identified by biochemical tests and… Show more

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Cited by 14 publications
(17 citation statements)
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References 7 publications
(10 reference statements)
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“…Single cases of infection have also been reported in the United States, including New England (85,243,247), New Mexico (272), and Florida (253); Europe (91,95,106,245); Asia, including Japan and Singapore (227,246,249); and South America (223,256). Most recently, Harris et al reported 25 cases, inclusive of previously described patients (247,253) diagnosed between 2009 and 2012, from Montana, Alabama, California, Hawaii, and Michigan; none of these patients had traveled to areas of C. gattii endemicity (251).…”
Section: Epidemiology Of Human Infectionmentioning
confidence: 99%
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“…Single cases of infection have also been reported in the United States, including New England (85,243,247), New Mexico (272), and Florida (253); Europe (91,95,106,245); Asia, including Japan and Singapore (227,246,249); and South America (223,256). Most recently, Harris et al reported 25 cases, inclusive of previously described patients (247,253) diagnosed between 2009 and 2012, from Montana, Alabama, California, Hawaii, and Michigan; none of these patients had traveled to areas of C. gattii endemicity (251).…”
Section: Epidemiology Of Human Infectionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Pinto Junior et al reported a child residing in Rio de Janeiro with C. gattii genotype VGII infection who had no history of travel outside the city (223). Given that VGII is the predominant molecular type (VGI is uncommon) in north/northeastern Brazil but not in the southern part of the country, those authors postulated that the ecological niche of this genotype may be expanding (223).…”
Section: Epidemiology Of Human Infectionmentioning
confidence: 99%
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“…However, C. gattii acts predominantly as a primary pathogen, attacking immunocompetent hosts, including children and young adults in North and Northeast, and is therefore considered endemic to the states of Amazonas (AM), Pará (PA), Roraima, Piauí (PI), Pernambuco and Bahia . The southern and southeastern regions show sporadic infections by C. gattii (Severo et al 2009, Mora et al 2010, Pinto Junior et al 2010). In PI, previous studies have shown that cryptococcosis caused by C. gattii is strongly associated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-negative patients, afflicting a significant portion of children and young adults (Cavalcanti 1995, Martins 2003.…”
mentioning
confidence: 99%