2014
DOI: 10.1590/1519-6984.23212
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Circumscribing campo rupestre – megadiverse Brazilian rocky montane savanas

Abstract: Currently campo rupestre (CR) is a name accepted and used internationally by botanists, zoologists, and other naturalists, usually applied to a very specific ecosystem, despite the lack of a consensual published circumscription. We present a tentative geographic circumscription of the term, combining data on climate, geology, geomorphology, soil, flora, fauna and vegetation. The circumscription of campo rupestre proposed herein is based on the following premises:(1) the classification of vegetation is not an e… Show more

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Cited by 108 publications
(69 citation statements)
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References 39 publications
(39 reference statements)
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“…The expression “ campo rupestre ” was first coined by Magalhães () and the precise definition has been a matter of debate since then. Vasconcelos () and Alves et al () revisited this debate and defined campo rupestre as “mountaintop vegetations of areas above 900 m of altitude, occupying stretches of lithosols associated to outcrops of quartzite and sandstone”. This definition has been more or less followed by subsequent authors (e.g., Longhi‐Wagner, Welker, & Waechter, ; Conceição et al, ; Silveira et al, ; Pontara et al, ), including the BFG.…”
Section: Methodsmentioning
confidence: 99%
See 1 more Smart Citation
“…The expression “ campo rupestre ” was first coined by Magalhães () and the precise definition has been a matter of debate since then. Vasconcelos () and Alves et al () revisited this debate and defined campo rupestre as “mountaintop vegetations of areas above 900 m of altitude, occupying stretches of lithosols associated to outcrops of quartzite and sandstone”. This definition has been more or less followed by subsequent authors (e.g., Longhi‐Wagner, Welker, & Waechter, ; Conceição et al, ; Silveira et al, ; Pontara et al, ), including the BFG.…”
Section: Methodsmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…From that, we considered only species recorded to the following Brazilian federal units (states): Bahia and Minas Gerais (in which the Espinhaço Range lies), and Goiás, Distrito Federal and Tocantins (in which the Chapada dos Veadeiros lies). This filtering procedure provided us an all‐encompassing taxonomic‐validated list of all reported angiosperms endemic to the two wider areas of c ampo rupestre in the Brazilian Shield, which represent all the campo rupestre sensu Alves et al ().…”
Section: Methodsmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…We studied ant-plant interactions in rupestrian grasslands, or campo rupestre , a megadiverse mountainous ecosystem composed of grasslands and rocky outcrops occurring mainly from 900 to over 2000 m asl. in Brazil [33,34]. It is characterized by a species-rich vegetation, high levels of plant endemism, and a large number of threatened plant species [35].…”
Section: Methodsmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…With about 5000 species (Silveira et al 2015), this is also a biodiversity-rich Brazilian azonal formation of interdigitating vegetation types dictated by local topography, microenvironmental aspects, microclimate, and drainage (Harley & Simmons 1986;Stannard 1995;Giulietti & Pirani 1997;Silveira et al 2015). Campo rupestre forms a mosaic of mountaintop "islands" in a matrix of zonal vegetation, namely the Cerrado and the Caatinga (tropical seasonally xeric woodlands), with annual precipitation of 800-1500 mm and a dry season lasting anywhere from two to five months (Alves et al 2014). The substrates of campo rupestre are dominated by shallow quartzitic and ferrugineous outcrops with sandy or rocky soils of low fertility.…”
Section: Distribution Habitats and Endemismmentioning
confidence: 99%