2017
DOI: 10.1590/1678-992x-2015-0160
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Biology and nutrition of Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) fed on different food sources

Abstract: We studied Spodoptera frugiperda development using different food sources in the laboratory and field. Newly hatched larvae were fed soybean, cotton, maize, wheat, and oat leaves. An artificial diet was used as the control. Duration of pre-pupal, pupal, and larva-adult period, pupal weight, sex ratio, survival, larva feeding preferences, oviposition preferences, and nutritional quality of different hosts were evaluated. Insects fed on wheat showed the shortest larva-adult period. The insects fed on cotton and … Show more

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Cited by 128 publications
(112 citation statements)
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References 79 publications
(101 reference statements)
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“…The larval survival (Table 1) was high when compared to other reports for S. frugiperda fed on artificial diet (Pencoe & Martin, 1982;Lynch, Nwanze, Wiseman, & Perkins, 1989;Clavijo et al, 1991;Giolo, Grutzmacher, Garcia, & Busato, 2002) and some of its main hosts (Pencoe & Martin, 1982;Ali, Luttrell, & Pitre, 1990). In addition, larval survival was higher than that reported in the majority of studies with this species, both on artificial and natural diet when larvae are exposed to less favorable temperatures and unsuitable host plants (e.g., Piedra, 1974;Kasten, Precetti, & Parra, 1978;Garner & Lynch, 1981;Pitre & Hogg, 1983;Parra & Carvalho, 1984;Crocomo & Parra, 1985;Ali et al, 1990;Silveira, Vendramim, & Rossetto, 1997;Botton, Carbonari, Garci, & Martins, 1998;Murúa, Defagó, & Virla 2003;Busato et al, 2005;Boregas, Mendes, Waquil, & Fernandes, 2013;Dias et al, 2016;Silva et al, 2017).…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 62%
“…The larval survival (Table 1) was high when compared to other reports for S. frugiperda fed on artificial diet (Pencoe & Martin, 1982;Lynch, Nwanze, Wiseman, & Perkins, 1989;Clavijo et al, 1991;Giolo, Grutzmacher, Garcia, & Busato, 2002) and some of its main hosts (Pencoe & Martin, 1982;Ali, Luttrell, & Pitre, 1990). In addition, larval survival was higher than that reported in the majority of studies with this species, both on artificial and natural diet when larvae are exposed to less favorable temperatures and unsuitable host plants (e.g., Piedra, 1974;Kasten, Precetti, & Parra, 1978;Garner & Lynch, 1981;Pitre & Hogg, 1983;Parra & Carvalho, 1984;Crocomo & Parra, 1985;Ali et al, 1990;Silveira, Vendramim, & Rossetto, 1997;Botton, Carbonari, Garci, & Martins, 1998;Murúa, Defagó, & Virla 2003;Busato et al, 2005;Boregas, Mendes, Waquil, & Fernandes, 2013;Dias et al, 2016;Silva et al, 2017).…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 62%
“…Depending on the host plant, there are different populations of the S. frugiperda with a "C" strain on corn and cotton and a dominant "R" strain on rice, millet and wild grasses (Groot et al, 2008) . For the larvae, our results showed that the average duration of larval phase development is 14 days whereas it is 21 days at 25 °C (Silva et al, 2017) and 11 days at 25 °C (Santos et al, 2003) for larvae fed with maize. The duration of the larval phase depends on the conditions and the host plant.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 65%
“…FAW attacks a wide range of crops (over 80 plant species) (CABI 2018), but is particularly associated with cultivated grasses, including maize (Casmuz et al 2010;Silva et al 2017). It destroys young maize plants by attacking their growing points, and burrows into cobs in older plants, thereby adversely affecting the yield quantity and quality (Burkhardt 1952;FAO 2018).…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%