eThe distribution of virulence factors (VFs) typical of diarrheagenic Escherichia coli and the antimicrobial resistance (AMR) profiles were assessed in 780 isolates from healthy pigs, broilers, and cattle from Spain. VF distribution was broader than expected, although at low prevalence for most genes, with AMR being linked mainly to host species. P athogenic isolates of Escherichia coli are characterized by the presence of virulence factors (VFs) that can be combined, leading to different pathotypes (1). Six …
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