2014
DOI: 10.1017/s1478951514001217
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Assessment of spiritual suffering in the cancer context: A systematic literature review

Abstract: Objective: An important goal of cancer medicine is relief of patients' suffering. In view of the clinical challenges of identifying suffering patients, we sought to identify valid instruments for assessing the spiritual suffering of people diagnosed with cancer.Method: A systematic review of the literature was conducted in the Medline, Embase, the Cochrane Library, and PsycINFO databases seeking assessment instruments that measure either suffering or one of its synonyms or symptoms. The psychometric properties… Show more

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Cited by 49 publications
(33 citation statements)
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“…However, several studies indicated that coping with a severe illness may be associated with spiritual growth and strengthening [27][28][29]. In the present study, patients with Parkinson's disease and non-clinical control individuals did not differ in depression scores.…”
Section: Discussioncontrasting
confidence: 51%
“…However, several studies indicated that coping with a severe illness may be associated with spiritual growth and strengthening [27][28][29]. In the present study, patients with Parkinson's disease and non-clinical control individuals did not differ in depression scores.…”
Section: Discussioncontrasting
confidence: 51%
“…Generic and widely used outcome measures have the advantage of being more comparable between studies, whereas tailored outcome measures, although less common, may offer greater specificity of effects and mechanisms and possibly even larger effect sizes. In any case, outcome measures should be chosen after careful consideration and with a clear rationale, taking into account the focus of research question, validity, and responsiveness to change . Terminally ill and physically weakened patients might also perceive it as a burden to fill out long multi‐item questionnaires.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…In this review, suffering is a major theme and was expressed throughout in all dimensions of cancer patients. In fact, suffering is considered a multidimensional (Best et al 2015;Wilson et al 2007), complex (Barton-Burke et al 2008), and individual experience related to the culture and context of the patients´lives (Wein 2011). In fact, the 25 sub-themes related to suffering underline the complexity of suffering.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%