2020
DOI: 10.1590/s0104-12902020190936
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Aprimoramento cognitivo e a produção de modos de subjetividade: um estudo sobre o uso de substâncias “nootrópicas” a partir de um blog brasileiro

Abstract: Resumo O consumo de medicamentos para aprimorar processos mentais, como memória, concentração e estado de alerta, tem se expandido. As chamadas smart drugs e fármacos nootrópicos são utilizados na expectativa de obter melhor desempenho em tarefas profissionais e acadêmicas. Este artigo analisa a difusão do uso de medicamentos para aprimoramento cognitivo, a partir de um blog brasileiro chamado Cérebro Turbinado, com ênfase na discussão da categoria “nootrópicos”. A metodologia adotada foi a pesquisa socioantro… Show more

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Cited by 6 publications
(6 citation statements)
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“…The fragility of the movements and the detachment from health professionals restrict their critical capacity and ability of promoting public policies and care for ADHD (Vasconcelos, 2013 ). While middle class associations of patients and family members have gradually been able to advance their agendas and extend their influence through national forums (Coutinho et al, 2017 ; Castro, 2020 ), associations gravitating around public mental health services struggle with advancing a broader perspective related to the logic of psychosocial care. Such imbalance in the imposition of the agendas of these different styles of activism reinforces the inequality in relation to access to treatments and health and educational services for children and their families.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%
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“…The fragility of the movements and the detachment from health professionals restrict their critical capacity and ability of promoting public policies and care for ADHD (Vasconcelos, 2013 ). While middle class associations of patients and family members have gradually been able to advance their agendas and extend their influence through national forums (Coutinho et al, 2017 ; Castro, 2020 ), associations gravitating around public mental health services struggle with advancing a broader perspective related to the logic of psychosocial care. Such imbalance in the imposition of the agendas of these different styles of activism reinforces the inequality in relation to access to treatments and health and educational services for children and their families.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…On the other hand, as recent studies have shown, there has also been an expressive increase in the use of methylphenidate in Brazil unrelated to the diagnosis of ADHD. Such studies have observed that the growth is associated with the fact that prescriptions are largely done in the private sector (for middleand upper classes) and to the off-label use for cognitive, physical, sexual and emotional enhancement also related to those classes (Coutinho et al, 2017;Esher and Coutinho, 2017;Lima et al, 2019;Castro, 2020).…”
Section: Critiques To Medicalization Of Adhdmentioning
confidence: 99%
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“…O estudo mostrou que em relação a cor/etnia prevalece a cor branca com 86 alunos (49,14 %), seguido de pardo (42,28%), negra (8%) e amarela (0,57% cada rendimento escolar e a utilização de drogas para maior concentração e desenvolvimento nos estudos [25].…”
Section: Methodsunclassified
“…Já a faceta que se refere a pensar, aprender, memória e concentração tiveram média de 51,57%, sendo classificado como boa. Dessa forma, é necessário dar maior atenção a esses dados, pois a falta de concentração pode estimular o uso de nootrópicos, conhecidos como "smart drugs" ou drogas da inteligência, por possuírem ação cerebral para aumentar o foco, a atenção, a memória e o raciocínio a fim de se obter melhores resultados no ambiente acadêmico [25].…”
Section: Methodsunclassified