DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4939-7435-1_5
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Abstract: Apolipoprotein B mRNA editing enzyme, catalytic polypeptide-like (APOBEC) protein family is encoded by eleven genes located in human genome. APOBECs are a family of evolutionarily conserved cytidine deaminases in vertebrates, and particularly in mammals. APOBECs play key roles in innate immunity against viral infection and retrotransposons. Subtypes of APOBEC3 can cause specific mutations in RNA and DNA at distinct preferred nucleotide contexts in human cancer. The pervasive APOBEC3s activation in the host gen…

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