volume 4, issue 1, P31-48 2019
DOI: 10.1108/mabr-09-2018-0034
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Thea Freese, Michael Gille, John Struthers

Abstract: Purpose Increased political measures to protect the marine environment addresses a shipping industry characterised by strained financial resources, excess supply of capacity and consolidation. In addition, 5-15 per cent of industry participants are believed by shipping experts to neglect rules on vessel-source pollution to stay competitive within their industry and vis-à-vis other transport modes. This study aims to identify and quantify cost effects of maritime environmental legislation, to relate these with…

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