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Cited by 7 publications
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References 9 publications
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“…Nordstrom and Miles, 1990). Information on the contractile properties of motor units of masticatory muscles in animals is scarce, As described above, characteristics of rabbit masseter motor units have been examined by extracellular stimulation of motoneurons in the brain stem (Weijs et al, 1993;Kwa et al, 1995a,b, 2001, Turkawski et al, 1996 ponent transducer attached to the teeth (Weijs et al, 1993;Kwa et al, 1995aKwa et al, ,b, 2001), or directly, via a twocomponent force transducer attached to the zygomatic arch (Turkawski et al, 1996(Turkawski et al, , 1998Turkawski and Van Eijden, 2000). A major advantage of the latter method is that the position and direction of motor unit force in the masseter muscle could be registered, and that no transformation was needed for the force registered at the teeth.…”
Section: Twitch and Tetanus Forcementioning
confidence: 99%
See 1 more Smart Citation
“…Nordstrom and Miles, 1990). Information on the contractile properties of motor units of masticatory muscles in animals is scarce, As described above, characteristics of rabbit masseter motor units have been examined by extracellular stimulation of motoneurons in the brain stem (Weijs et al, 1993;Kwa et al, 1995a,b, 2001, Turkawski et al, 1996 ponent transducer attached to the teeth (Weijs et al, 1993;Kwa et al, 1995aKwa et al, ,b, 2001), or directly, via a twocomponent force transducer attached to the zygomatic arch (Turkawski et al, 1996(Turkawski et al, , 1998Turkawski and Van Eijden, 2000). A major advantage of the latter method is that the position and direction of motor unit force in the masseter muscle could be registered, and that no transformation was needed for the force registered at the teeth.…”
Section: Twitch and Tetanus Forcementioning
confidence: 99%
“…Recently, extracellular stimulation of motoneurons in the rabbit trigeminal motor nucleus enabled a large number of masticatory motor unit properties to be documented (Weijs et al, 1993;Kwa et al, 1995a,b, 2001, Turkawski et al, 1996Turkawski and Van Eijden, 2000; ). In the human, external stimulation of masticatory motor units through the skin-such as, for example, stimulation of the median nerve to stimulate motor units of the thenar muscles (Chan et al, 1998)-is not possible.…”
mentioning
confidence: 99%
“…For an extensive description of the methods used for anesthesia and recording of action potentials and twitch forces, we refer to earlier work. [10][11][12][13] In brief, preanesthesia was effected with a mixture of rompune and ketamine, applied intramuscularly, and atropine, applied subcutaneously. Further anesthesia was effected through halothane in a 1:3 oxygen-nitrous oxide mixture, provided through a tracheal cannula.…”
Section: Methodsmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…For an extensive description of the surgical procedures and the method of stimulating single motor units, the reader is referred to previous papers (Turkawski et al, 1996(Turkawski et al, , 1998. After the animals were pre-anesthetized with a mixture of Rompune and Ketamine applied intramuscularly, and Atropine applied subcutaneously, a tracheal cannula was provided for artificial ventilation.…”
Section: Surgical Proceduresmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Motor units showing a large stimulus artifact Registration and Analysis of Motor Unit Force We used a force transducer, capable of measuring both the magnitude and the position of the line of action of forces in a single plane. Design and technical specifications of this transducer were described in detail by Turkawski et al (1996). Briefly, a motor unit force applied to the transducer is resolved into orthogonal force components.…”
Section: Surgical Proceduresmentioning
confidence: 99%