2016
DOI: 10.1016/j.aap.2016.07.007
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A farewell to brake reaction times? Kinematics-dependent brake response in naturalistic rear-end emergencies

Abstract: ReuseUnless indicated otherwise, fulltext items are protected by copyright with all rights reserved. The copyright exception in section 29 of the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988 allows the making of a single copy solely for the purpose of non-commercial research or private study within the limits of fair dealing. The publisher or other rights-holder may allow further reproduction and re-use of this version -refer to the White Rose Research Online record for this item. Where records identify the publish… Show more

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Cited by 118 publications
(118 citation statements)
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“…In this section, this will be illustrated by reproducing two figures from Markkula et al (2016), comparing results from the simulated Euro NCAP scenarios to the original figures, which are based on analysis of empirical data reported from the SHRP 2 naturalistic study. The data are divided into crash events, defined as the vehicles touching each other, and nearcrash events, defined as events where the driver model brakes with a maximum deceleration exceeding 0.5 g. The latter is similar to the SHRP 2 near-crash definition, although not an exact match since the SHRP 2 data were also manually annotated (see Victor et al, 2015).…”
Section: Simulation Results and Comparison To Naturalistic Datamentioning
confidence: 99%
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“…In this section, this will be illustrated by reproducing two figures from Markkula et al (2016), comparing results from the simulated Euro NCAP scenarios to the original figures, which are based on analysis of empirical data reported from the SHRP 2 naturalistic study. The data are divided into crash events, defined as the vehicles touching each other, and nearcrash events, defined as events where the driver model brakes with a maximum deceleration exceeding 0.5 g. The latter is similar to the SHRP 2 near-crash definition, although not an exact match since the SHRP 2 data were also manually annotated (see Victor et al, 2015).…”
Section: Simulation Results and Comparison To Naturalistic Datamentioning
confidence: 99%
“…In such models, the driver's reaction is typically initiated by what is assumed to be a sudden threat appearance, for example a brake light onset of the vehicle in front. However, recent analyses of real crashes and nearcrashes in the second Strategic Highway Research Program (SHRP 2) dataset have shown a strong dependency on kinematics for both brake initiation and brake ramp-up, inconsistent with the existing situation-independent models (Markkula, Engström, Lodin, Bärgman & Victor, 2016).…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 94%
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“…Moreover, our recent analysis of real rear-end crashes and near-crashes indicated that the timing of drivers' braking responses could be largely explained in terms of visual looming cues (reflecting situation kinematics) while the timing relation between drivers' reactions and lead vehicle brake light onsets was more variable [27].…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%