Objectives At present, the modified inflation‐deflation method is accepted and widely used in the clinic, but the near‐infrared (NIR) fluorescence imaging with intravenous indocyanine green (ICG) method can also delineate the intersegmental demarcation. However, whether the two methods identify that the intersegmental plane is concordant with each other and match the real intersegmental demarcation is still unknown. Methods Between March 2019 to July 2019, 19 consecutive segmentectomies were performed, using both methods to delineate the intersegmental plane, in order to evaluate and verify whether the intersegmental plane results created by the two methods were concordant and matched the real intersegmental demarcation. Results Segmentectomies were carried out using uniportal video‐assisted thoracic surgery (UVATS) successfully with no intraoperative conversions or ICG‐related complications and only three cases (15.8%) with postoperative complications related to the operation. The intersegmental plane generated by the NIR fluorescence imaging with intravenous ICG method was found to be totally concordant with the modified inflation‐deflation method that was approaching the real intersegmental demarcation in all 19 cases. Conclusions Both methods revealed the intersegmental plane clearly, and the NIR fluorescence imaging with intravenous ICG method was found to be totally concordant with the modified inflation‐deflation method, which is highly concordant with the real intersegmental demarcation. NIR fluorescence imaging with intravenous ICG method may be more popular because of its safety, efficiency, and less complicated restrictions, especially in patients with pulmonary emphysema. Low doses of ICG do not affect the rate of identification of the intersegmental plane and is safer from drug toxicology.
Objectives To investigate the perioperative outcomes of patients who underwent uniport video‐assisted thoracoscopic (VATS) segmentectomy for identifying the intersegmental boundary line (IBL) by the near‐infrared fluorescence imaging with the intravenous indocyanine green (ICG) method or the modified inflation‐deflation (MID) method and assess the feasibility and effectiveness of the ICG fluorescence (ICGF)‐based method. Methods We retrospectively analyzed the perioperative data in total 198 consecutive patients who underwent uniport VATS segmentectomy between February 2018 and August 2020. With the guidance of a preoperative imaging interpretation and analysis system (IQQA‐3D), the targeted segment structures could be precisely identified and dissected, and then the IBL was confirmed by the ICGF‐based method or the MID method. The clinical effectiveness and postoperative complications of the two methods were evaluated. Results An IBL was visible in 98% of patients in the ICGF‐based group, even with low doses of ICG. The ICGF‐based group was significantly associated with a shorter IBL clear presentation time (23.6 ± 4.4 vs. 23.6 ± 4.4 s) (p < 0.01) and operative time (89.3 ± 31.6 vs. 112.9 ± 33.3 min) (p < 0.01) compared to the MID group. The incidence of postoperative prolonged air leaks was higher in the MID group than in the ICGF‐based group (8/100, 8% vs. 26/98, 26.5%, p = 0.025). There were no significant differences in bleeding volume, chest tube duration, postoperative hospital stays, surgical margin width, and other postoperative complications. Conclusion The ICGF‐based method could highly accurately identify the IBL and make anatomical segmentectomy easier and faster, and therefore has the potential to be a feasible and effective technique to facilitate the quality of uniport VATS segmentectomy.
Background: Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is a common malignancy over the world. Previous report indicated that the plasmacytoma variant translocation 1 (PVT1) has been documented to function as an oncogene in various types of human cancers. However, the biological mechanism of PVT1 was still rarely reported in NSCLC. Methods: The levels of PVT1, miR-17-5p, and bone morphogenetic protein and activin membrane-bound inhibitor (BAMBI) in NSCLC tissues (n=64) and cells (H1299 and A549) were detected by qRT-PCR and immunohistochemistry (IHC). The protein level of BAMBI was measured by Western blot assay. Cell viability and apoptotic rate were evaluated by MTT assay and flow cytometry, respectively. The migrated and invaded abilities were assessed by Transwell assay and Wound healing assay. The interactions between miR-17-5p and PVT1 or BAMBI were predicted by starBase v2.0 and TargetScan, respectively, and then dual-luciferase reporter assay and RNA pull-down assay were performed to verify these interactions. The mice model experiments were constructed to further validate the roles of PVT1 in vivo. Results: The levels of PVT1 and BAMBI were both apparently increased, and miR-17-5p was declined in NSCLC tissues and cells. The depletion of PVT1 or BAMBI blocked cell viability, migrated and invaded abilities but impelled apoptotic rate in A549 and H1299 cells. PVT1 was validated as a sponge to miR-17-5p and BAMBI was a direct target of miR-17-5p. PVT1 promoted cell viability, migrated and invaded abilities but repressed apoptotic rate by targeting BAMBI. MiR-17-5p regulated cell behaviors mediated by PVT1. PVT1 silencing decreased BAMBI expression by sponging miR-17-5p. In addition, PVT1 knockdown blocked the xenograft tumor growth in vivo. Conclusion: These results manifested that PVT1 modulated BAMBI to promote tumor progression in NSCLC by sponging miR-17-5p. Thus, the novel regulatory pathway may provide a new therapeutic target for NSCLC patients.
Background: Uniportal video-assisted thoracic surgery (UVATS) technique has been increasingly used for many thoracic diseases. Whether UVATS has equivalent or better perioperative outcomes for pulmonary sequestration (PS) patients remains controversial. Our study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of UVATS in anatomical lung resection for pulmonary sequestration. Methods: A total of 24 patients with PS including fifteen males and nine females with the mean age of 40 (range, 18-65) years old, who had received completely UVATS anatomical lung resection for PS in Nanjing Chest Hospital between January 2016 and December 2018 were retrospectively reviewed. Related clinical data were retrieved from hospital records and analyzed. Results: All 24 patients had been treated with the UAVTS approach successfully without aberrant artery ruptured or massive hemorrhage, and no patients died during the perioperative period. Overall mean surgery time was 102 mins (range, 55-150 min), the mean blood loss was 94 ml (range, 10-300 ml), the mean days of chest tube maintained were 4 days (range,1-10 days), and the mean postoperative hospitalization days was 6 days (range,2-11 days). All patients were cured, without cough, fever, hemoptysis, and so on, associated with PS, occurring during the average follow-up of 17 months (range, 3-35 months). Conclusions: Our preliminary results revealed that anatomical lung resection by UVATS is a safe and feasible miniinvasive technique for PS patients, which might be associated with less postoperative pain, reduced paresthesia, better cosmetic results, and faster recovery.
Background: Although there are lots of variations of pulmonary veins including dangerous type that could cause serious complications during surgery, limited information has been reported about these variations. We have experienced an extremely rare anomaly of the right superior pulmonary vein during right superior lobectomy. We used a technique called "non fissure" to manage the right superior pulmonary vein, and the results were satisfactory. Case presentation: A 66-year-old woman with lung nodules visited our hospital. Chest computed tomography revealed multiple ground glass nodules in the right lung, the main pulmonary nodule was 11 mm in diameter and presented mixed density. The patient had a previous history of rectal cancer surgery. Contrast-enhanced threedimensional computed tomography showed that the right superior pulmonary vein abnormally ran between the pulmonary artery trunk and the right main bronchus. We performed a right superior lobectomy and lymph node sampling by uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery. The pathological findings showed microinvasive adenocarcinoma with no lymphatic metastasis. She was discharged 7 days after surgery without any surgical complications. Conclusions: Although the variation of pulmonary vein is uncommon, it is dangerous to misidentify in the operation. Preoperative three-dimensional computed tomography is useful for avoiding unexpected bleeding. The technique "no fissure" might be a useful way to manage the variation of pulmonary vein.
Background This study aimed to investigate the prognostic impact of intrapulmonary lymph node (ILN, stations 13–14) dissection on disease‐free survival (DFS) in stage IA non‐small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients in order to facilitate a more suitable determination of surgical strategies for early‐stage cases. Methods We retrospectively analyzed 416 patients with pathological stage IA NSCLC from February 2016 to November 2019. The patients were divided into a group with ILN dissection (ILND+ group) and a group without ILN dissection (ILND‐ group). DFS was compared using the Kaplan–Meier method and compared statistically using the log‐rank test before and after propensity score matching (PSM). Subgroup analysis of DFS stratified based on tumor size was also calculated. Results Both before and after PSM, the four‐year DFS of the ILND+ group was greatly increased compared to that of ILND‐ group (90.1% vs. 79.7%, p = 0.003; 95.5% vs. 80.6%, p = 0.003, respectively) and multivariable cox regression analysis revealed ILN dissection was an independent factor favoring DFS in stage IA NSCLC (p = 0.016 and p = 0.015, respectively). Subgroup analysis revealed the four‐year DFS was comparable between the ILN D+ and ILND‐ groups with regard to tumor size ≤1.5 cm (90.6% vs. 92.7%, p = 0.715). However, the ILN D+ group was found to have a better oncological outcome compared with the ILND‐ group with regard to tumor size >1.5 cm (90.0% vs. 73.8%, p = 0.003). Conclusions The prognostic impact of ILN dissection on patients with stage IA NSCLC appears to be significantly influenced by tumor size, and this should be taken into account when choosing the most appropriate therapeutic modality.
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