Aim: The radiation can induce vessel injury. The result of this injury can be severe and life-threatening. There are a few studies demonstrating an increase in intima-media thickness (IMT) of the common carotid artery (CCA) after radiotherapy, especially in head and neck cancers. We evaluated the effect of I-131 to the IMT of the CCA in the patients who were treated for hyperthyroidism.Methods: 38 patients (25M, 13W) referred to our department for radioiodine treatment with the diagnosis of nodular goitre (25 patients) and diffuse hyperplasia (Graves disease (GD), 13 patients) were included to the prospective study. An USG was performed for all the patients before therapy, 3, 6 and 12 months after radioiodine therapy in order to measure IMT of CCA and the femoral artery (FA). The IMT was measured at the level of proximal part of bulbus anteriorly on the left and right side. The IMT of FA was measured just before the bifurcation.Results: There was a statistically significant increase in IMT of both CCA and FA bilaterally in nodular hyperthyroid patients. However, in the patients with Graves disease, there was only statistically significant increase in the left IMT of CCA at 0-3rd, 0-6th month measurements and in the right IMT of FA at 0-3rd month measurements. Conclusion: Though the limitation of the study is the interobserver and intraobserver variability, it was seen that I-131 therapy might affect the IMT of CCA in the patients with NG. I-131 effect on the IMT of CCA in patients with nodular goitre was higher than the IMT of CCA in patients with GD. I-131 effect on the IMT of CCA might be due to administered dose and adjacency. The interesting point of our study was the increased thickness of IMT in FA. We think that the increase in IMT is due to the systemic effect of radioactivity circulating in the blood vessel. I-131 effect on the IMT of FA in patients with nodular goitre was higher than the IMT of FA in the patients with GD due to I-131 uptake of thyroid gland. Because I-131 uptake was lower in patients with nodular goitre, I-131 in systemic circulation was higher.Conflict of interest:None declared.
This is the first study to evaluate changes in NLR, PLR, and MPV after RAI therapy. Our findings suggest that NLR, PLR, and MPV changes indicate systemic inflammation that occurs after RAI therapy because of thyroid remnant tissue ablation.
At baseline neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio is associated with the metabolic tumor volume, which was assessed using the PET/CT in patients with esophageal squamous cell cancer. The SUVmax values were not related to these parameters.
A 23-year-old man with Dyke-Davidoff-Masson syndrome (DDMS) was admitted to the hospital with increasing frequency of epileptic seizures. Physical examination revealed mental retardation, left facial asymmetry, and left-sided spastic hemiparesis. Dysdiadochokinesia on the left upper limb was detected, and there was no dysmetria. MRI confirmed the well-known radiological features of DDMS. PET/CT demonstrated cerebral and contralateral cerebellar hypometabolism. We present DDMS with crossed cerebellar diaschisis, which was demonstrated by PET/CT.
A 48-year-old female with complaints of gastrointestinal symptoms such as abdominal pain, fatigue, vomiting, nausea, and weight loss was diagnosed with neuroendocrine tumor after removal of a 2 mm lesion from the stomach with endoscopic biopsy. Her magnetic resonance imaging that was performed due to on-going symptoms showed multiple linear hypointense lesions in the liver. Positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) scan was performed for differential diagnosis, which showed high fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake in these lesions. Clinical and laboratory findings revealed the final diagnosis as Fasciola hepatica. The imaging features of this case is presented to aid in differentiating this infectious disease from malignancy and avoid misdiagnosis on FDG-PET/CT.
A cardiac hydatid cyst is a rare complication of the Echinococcus infection, and it is seen in just 0.5% to 2% of all cases. Because it can cause sudden death, removing the cyst is recommended. It is important to determinate the relationship between the cyst and the intra/extracardiac structures before the operation because it is of vital importance during the operation. In our case, we showed that rest myocardial perfusion scintigraphy provided an additional contribution to anatomic imaging in that it showed the invasion of the cyst in the myocardium, which was effectively directing the course of the operation.
scite is a Brooklyn-based startup that helps researchers better discover and understand research articles through Smart Citations–citations that display the context of the citation and describe whether the article provides supporting or contrasting evidence. scite is used by students researchers from around the world and is funded in part by the National Science Foundation and the National Institute on Drug Abuse of the National Institutes of Health.